Records made by people who saw or took part in an event.
Examples - letter, diary, document, song, or an eyewitness account
Records written by people who were not at an event.
Examples - textbook, encyclopedia, or book
History - the study of what happened in the past.
Geography - the study of Earth and the people who live on it.
Economics - the study of how people use resources to meet their needs.
Culture and Society - the study of a way of life shared by a group of people.
Civics and Government - the study of understanding rights and responsibilities of citizens and how the government works.
Five strands of social studies
An area that shares a government and had the same leaders.
Example - cities, counties, and states.
A region that is characterized by a group of people or the number of people living there.
Example - Certain areas with a small population and a lot of land might be referred to as a rural area.
A region that is characterized by the primary way people use their resources.
Example - A community of mostly farm land would be an agricultural area.
Landforms - Plains, Bayous
Climate - Hot and Humid, Rainy
Plants & Animals - Pine Trees, Marshes, Birds, Deer, Alligators
Major Cities - Houston, Austin, Dallas, San Antonio
Gulf coast plains
Landforms - Hills, Plains
Plants & Animals - Oak Trees, Cotton, Grains, Bald Eagles, Armadillos, Lizards
Major Cities - Abilene, Ft. Worth
Landforms - Plains, Plateau
Climate - Cold
Plants & Animals - Cotton, Grains, Prairie Dogs
Major Cities - Amarillo, Lubbock
Landforms - Mountains, Deserts, Basins
Climate - Dry, Cold winters, Hot summers
Plants & Animals - Mesquite, Roadrunners
Major Cities - El Paso
Mountains and basin regions
Food - Hunters, Gatherers, Farmers
Shelter - Beehives,
Government - Chief, Group of older tribe members
Customs - Religious ceremonies, Made tools, pottery, and cloth, Traded with other tribes
Light weight shelters that were easy to move
Made basic tools & pottery for daily use
Run by Catholic priests who worked to convert Indians to the Catholic religion.
Missions in Texas
Missions and presidios are historical sites or state parks.
The first schools in Texas were at Spanish missions.
Many people in Texas speak and write in Spanish.
Many landforms, rivers, and cities in Texas have Spanish names.
Spanish Influences in Texas Today
An event or action which makes something else happen.
Freedom from rule by another country.
The 13 British Colonies fought Britain because the British Parliament taxed the colonists without giving them representatives to speak for them.
July 4, 1776 the colonists declared their independence from Britain in the Declaration of Independence and eventually won their freedom.
Land bought in 1803 from the French for $15 million dollars.
Doubled the size of the U.S.
Located west of the Mississippi.
President Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark to explore the territory.
Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821.
Tejanos loyal to Spain left during the fight for Mexican independence.
Tejanos who remained in Mexico were loyal to the new Mexican government.
Moses Austin was granted permission by the Spanish government to start a settlement in Texas, but died before he was able to start a settlement.
The "Old Three Hundred," led by empresario Stephen F. Austin, were the first American families to start a colony.
Stephen F. Austin is known as the "Father of Texas" since he was the first empresario to bring settlers to Texas.
Empresario - a person who received land as a gift by the Mexican government and could sell it to others.
Settled 150 miles east of San Antonio on fertile land with a good water source.
The settlers agreed to respect the Catholic religion and obey Mexican laws.
Many settlers learned the Tejano style of ranching.
The Austins in Texas
Martín de León started a colony between the Colorado and Guadalupe Rivers because the land was good land for raising cattle and horses.
Green DeWitt started a colony near present-day Gonzales.
There was a dispute between DeWitt and de León over some of the land.
Other Texas Settlements
Region - an area with at least one feature that makes it different from other areas.
Population - the number of people living in a region.
Precipitation - water that falls to Earth in any form.
Immigrant - a person who comes into a country from another country.
Industry - all the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service.
Exploration - to search out and look for new places.
Conquistador - a Spanish explorer who conquered large areas of North America and South America for Spain.
Settlement - a newly colonized area.
Colony - a settlement that is ruled by another country.
Mission - a religious settlement.
Missionary - a person who teaches his or her religion to others.
Presidios - forts built by the Spanish to protect the missions.
Run east to west.
Called parallels because they are the same distance apart.
The equator is the starting point for the lines of latitude and splits the northern and southern hemispheres in half.
Lines of Latitude
Run north and south.
The prime meridian is the starting point for the lines of longitude and splits the western and eastern hemispheres in half.
Lines of Longitude
To find the location of a place, first trace your finger along the line of latitude, and then trace your finger along the line of longitude.
Finding Latitude and Longitude
* Shamans led the group
* Lead warriors
* Rode horses
* Made things from the buffalo
* Fierce fighters
* Pueblos that were 2 -3 stories high made of stone or adobe
* Religious leaders
* Religion was important
* Created irrigation systems
* Water route to Asia
* Spread Catholicism
Landed in America, but thought it was the Indies
Took control of Mexico
Part of Narváez group
Captured by Karankawas in Texas
Cabeza de Vaca
Find Cibolo, the City of gold
Found no gold
Claim land and start a colony
Built a colony in Texas that failed from lack of food
Sieur de La Salle