When did the Renaissance occur?
What were some of the main ideals and proponents of the Renaissance?
resurgence and learning from classical sources, glorified human emotion and realism, widespread education
Martin Luther published which text, during what year, and how does it relate Catholic Church music afterward?
95 thesis on the power and efficacy of indulges, 1517, challenged catholic church as an institution
How did the creation of the printing press in 1440 impact music during the Renaissance?
Circulation of music became widespread
How did the status of musicians change during this period?
Status was elevated - in order to be educated had to understand music
In addition to the church, where else did Renaissance music thrive?
Courts - princes / kings / queens hired people to make / play music
What was the Flemish School?
Main school of composers for the Renaissance
Where did the Flemish School originate?
Netherlands, Belgium, Northern France
Was music from this period primarily vocal or instrumental?
What is word painting?
musical representation of poetry and texts
how does word painting relate to the humanistic interest in language?
By trying to find meaningful relation between music and text
***What are the overriding aesthetics of music from this period?
moderate - completely moderate in expression (no extremes)
What is the typical texture used in this period?
Describe the rhythm and melody from this period:
Calm, restrain, gentil, flowing
This period is sometimes called...
The Golden Age of A Cappella Choral Music
Who was Josquin Deprez?
He was a composer, worked in courts / papal choir / private chapels
When did Josquin Deprez live?
What kinds of music did Josquin Deprez write?
masses / motet / secular works (el grillo)
Discuss briefly Deprez's Ave Maria...Virgo Serena c. 1475
Imitation - one part sings something, another does, etc. Both polyphonic and homophonic. Adds own personal touch at the end
Who was Palestrina?
devoted entire life to church and church services
When did Palestrina live / what ethnicity?
What kinds of music did Palestrina write?
wrote 104 settings of the Mass Ordinary and 450+ other sacred works
Discuss briefly Palestrina's "Kyrie" from the Pope Marcellus Mass
Text will be clearly / easily heard, Palestrina's most famous mass, thick polyphony in 3 distinct parts
Name three languages in which Secular vocal music during this time was written:
French, Italian, Spanish (many different languages now)
True or False: Polyphonic pieces could be played or sung:
True, voice parts became interchangeable with music
True or False: A lot of Secular music during this time was intended for dancing:
Piece for several solo voices set to a short poem usually about love, Both polyphonic and homophonic
Who was John Farmer?
English musician, wrote Fair Phyllis I saw, wrote secular music, worked for Earl of Oxford, worked in various catholic churches in Ireland as a choir master.
When did John Farmer live?
Who was Thomas Weelkes?
English organist and church composer, wrote As Vesta Was
When did Thomas Weelkes live?
How does Fair Phyllis use word painting to illustrate the text?
Shepherd girl on side of Mt. with man, go up and down: sing "up and down" as notes move up and down, sing "all alone" alone, sing "feeding flock" as "flock" comes in (other singers)
How does As Vesta Was use word painting to illustrate the text?
inspired by Queen Elizabeth, deals with Queen Elizabeth and her attendents: sing "ascending" as notes go up, sing "descending" as notes go down, "2-by-2" 2 voices, "3-by-3" 3 voices
Council of Trent
formed to analyze problems of Catholic Church, decided texts should always be heard, inspired religious contemplation