Pecor Grade 9: Shakespearean Vocabulary IV: Shakespeare and the SAT

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These words are in a Shakespeare play we will be reading later in the year. Because they are still in use in Modern English, some of them are sure to appear on the SAT.

draw

pull out a sword

kinsman

male relative

quarrel

argue or disagree

flourish

move or swing back and forth

villain

1. (literal) a person belonging to a low social class in medieval Europe who was obligated to work on the farm of a noble aristocrat
2. (figurative) because of prejudice against people of low social status, the term came to be a an insult, basically meaning "bad person"

stir

begin moving

profaners

those who show disrespect or contempt

quench

cool by plunging into cold water

pernicious

causing great injury or ruin

sentence

(criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed

brawl

a noisy fight in a crowd

bred

brought about or caused

airy

characterized by lightness and insubstantiality

thrice

three times

wield

To use, control, or manage, as a weapon, or instrument, especially with full command.

cankered

1. rusted
2. morally corrupt

forfeit

something that is lost or surrendered as a penalty

adversary

enemy

drew

pulled out a sword

defiance

intentionally contemptuous behavior or attitude

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