Greek; pedestal, foot, base
n. Sculpture whose ornament or figures are somewhat raised above the background. (also known as "low-relief")
tr. v. To lower in quality, value, or dignity; to degrade
n. A downward slope; the slope of a hill
n. A natural inclination or tendency; inner impulse or direction
Latin; light (in weight)
n. A substance like yeast or a small amount of fermented dough that causes dough to rise or expand
n. A lightening or enlivening influence
In My Antonia Mrs. Shimerda shocks her American neighbors by her old-country method of using fermented dough as a ___ for new loaves of bread.
The film critic Penelope Gilliatt admries Judy Holliday and Marilyn Monroe for the ___ they impart as "beautiful clowns," smarter than everyone else and knowing that they will eventually be found out.
tr. v. To provide a lightening influence.
Letters from home ___ the spirits of battle-weary troops.
"By necessity, by ___, and by delight, we all quote." - Ralph Waldo Emerson
Undersea photographs of the floor of the Atlantic Ocean reveal ___ that resemble topographical configurations on land.
According to Flora Tristan, the llama is the only animal that human beings have not been able to ___ because it refuses to be mistreated or take orders.
Trajan's column, which stands in Rome, is encircled with ___ depicting the emperor's military victories.
n. Sleight of hand; magic tricks
Thomas Betson, a fifteenth-century monk skilled in ___, could make a hollow egg appear to float by suspending it below his hand with a fine hair.
n. Any trickery or deception
Emmeline Piggolt, a Confederate spy who epitomized the elegant Southern belle, easily slipped military documents past Union sentries thorught the ___ of concealing the messages under her voluminous hoopskirt.
n. The action of a lever that raises or lifts
The ___ of an automatic jack enables a person to raise a heavy vehicle.
n. Power to influence; a position of strength
During her tenure as the British prime minister, Margaret Thatcher applied ___ to her conservative cabinet by appointing ministers who agreed with her policies.
tr. and intr. v. To rise or float, or cause to rise, seemingly despite gravity
Tests in Germany and Japan have proved that instead of moving on wheels, high-speed trains can ___ on a cushion of magnetic force.
n. Lightness in speech or behavior, especially unbecoming jocularity; frivolity
Tess Durbeyfield disdains the ___ of young village women whose chief pleasure is dancing on Saturday nights and sleeping off on Sunday the effects of their indulgence in "curious compounds."
Pendo, Pendere, Pependi, Pensum
Latin; to cause to hang down, to weigh
Pondero, Ponderare, Ponderavi, Ponderatum
Latin; to weigh
n. A strong inclination or liking; fondness
Niara Sudarkasa's ___ as a college student for facts about Africa led her to focus he career on African anthropology.
adj. Extremely heavy; massive
Although they lacked wheeled vehicles, the Incas moved ___ stones across high Andean passes to biuld cities like Machu Picchu.
adj. Unwieldly or awkward
The ___ galleons of the Spanish Armada were no match for the light, fast British ships, able to strike and then dart out of firing range.
adj. Dull or tedious
The Pilgrim's Progress may seem ___ to some reader because of its heavily moral tone, but it remains the epitome of literary allegory.
adj. Unable to be assessed or measured precisely
Although scientists can plan most aspects of a space flight accurately, the weather for launch and reentry remains an ___ factor.
adj. Superior in number, force, power, or importance
Introduced from South America only in the sixteenth century, the potato has become the ___ food source for much of Europe, the Americas, and Africa.
Latin; steps, stairs, ladder, sca
Scando, Scandere, Scandi, Scansum
Latin; to climb
n. A step-like formation of troops, ships, or aircraft
To honor their fallen comrade, the pilots flew in "man missing" ___, in which one position is left significantly empty.
n. A level of command or authority
Promoted in 1970 to the rank of brigadier general in the Women's Army Corps, Elizabeth P. Hoisington and Anna Mae Hays became the first women to reach that ___ in the United States Armed Forces.
adj. Going beyond the limits of ordinary experience.
To Emily Dickinson everyday occurences like seeing a snake, a clover, or a "slant of light" became ___, leading her to reflect on natural law and mortality.
rising above common thought or ideas
asserting a supernatural or mustical element in experience
Cubo, Cubare, Cubui, Cubitum
Latin; to lie down
Incumbo, Incumbere, Incubui, Incubitum
Latin; to recline
n. A person who holds an office or position
An ___ in the U.S. Congress for thirty-two years, Margaret Chase Smith served longer than any other woman.
adj. Already holding an office or poistion
___ school board members may stand a better chance in an election than their inexperienced challengers.
adj. Required as a duty or obligation (often used with 'on')
It is ___ on all parents of school-age children to have them vaccinated for measles, mumps, and polio.
leaning or lying on
Crumbling rock or ___ slabs or stone and conrete made rescue efforts after the earthquake both difficult and hazardous.
adj. Reclining; lying down
Although they quarreled fiercely in life, the ___ effigies of Elaenor of Aquitaine and King Henry II of England now rest pacifically side by side on their tombs.
intr. v. To yield; to give in or give up, especially to a powerful force or desire (often used with 'to')
The major sorrow of young Werther's life is his unrequited passion for Charlotte, who gently but firmly refuses to ___ to his many protestations of love.
intr. v. To die
Until 1882 when Robert Koch, a German physician, identified the tiny bacillus causing tuberculosis, its victims expected to ___ quickly.
Greek; under, beneath
n. A psychological disorder characterized by the illusory conviction that one is ill or in pain, or likely to become so.
Jane Austen's novel Emma depicts ___ humorously, as Mr. Woodhouse encourages guest to join him in eating wholesome gruel and fears the effect of bad weather upon his health.
n. A theory or explanation that leads to further investigation for proof or disproof
Although the ___ that all of the Indo-European family of languages derive from one original language is widely accepted, it will probably never be proven because this extinct language existed before the invention of writing.
n. An assupmtion on which a conclusion or decision is based.
"the great tragedy of Science--the slaying of a beautiful ___ by an ugly fact." - T.H. Huxley
n. A disaster or catastrophe on such a large scale that biological, environmental, or cultural elements are permanently altered or irreparable lost to the earth.
A __ that occurred sixty-five million years ago changed atmospheric conditions so drastically that no dinosaurs were able to survive.
n. An ancient mechanical device for hurling missiles
From his research for the construction of an authentic ___, the writer Jim Paul concluded that Alexander the Great "transformed western culture" through his shrewd and powerful use of this weapon.
n. A modern mechanism for launching aircraft from the deck of a ship.
Because flight decks on aircraft carriers are generally only 1,100 feet long, a ___ supplies the velocity planes need for take-off.
intr. and tr. v. To hurl or launch suddenly (as if from a slongshot); to spring up
When Charles Lindbergh landed in Paris in 1927, becoming the first person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean, his flight ___ him to international fame.
adj. Concentrating on the self in the expression of feelings and perceptions
Isadora Duncan's ___ interpretations of classical Greek dances were greatly admired in Europe but not in America.
adj. Relating to personal opinions and thought processed rather than factual information or universal experience
Readers of newspapers expect editorials and letters to the editor to express ___ views but news stories to contain verifiable objective facts.
tr. and intr. v. To turn aside an instinctual, perhaps primitive, impulse in favor of a more socially or culturally acceptable activity
Therapists attempt to train highly aggressive people to ___ their impulses to fight by visualizing peaceable alternatives.
tr. v. to induce a person in secret to commit a misdeed or a crime.
Mother Midnight ___ Moll Flanders by having her trained to pick pockets.
tr. v. To induce someone to give false testimony
When party members ___ the U.S. Secretary of the Interior, Albert B. Fall, to lie about the source of a loan for illegally leasing naval oil reserves, he became a central figure in the Teapot Dome scandal of the 1920s.
n. An artifice, device, or evasion to hide or avoid something, or to escape an outcome
After Kate Hardcastle learns that her suitor is too tongue-tied to speak with young women of his own social class, she adopts the ___ of appearing to be a family servant.
n. A thing or quality that appears true or real
Critics cite John Edgar Wideman as a novelist who captures the speech and thought of urban African-American youth with ___.
n. The condition or quality of being true or accurate
Scientists now accpet as a ___ that ninety-nine percent of all biological phenomena eventually become extinct.
n. A belief, principle, or statement expressing some basic human truth; a scientific truth
The writer must leave "no room in his workshop for anything but the old ___ and truths of the heart, the old universal truths lacking which any story is ephemeral and doomed--love and honor and pity and pride and compassion and sacrifice." - William Faulkner
tr. v. To affirm; to deliver or attest to positively or dogmatically
After the Ancient Mariner's shipmates protest his killing of the albatross, he admits his error:
And I had done a hellish thing,
And it would work 'em woe:
For all ___, I had killed the bird
That made the breeze to blow.
- Samuel Taylor Coleridge
capacity for telling the truth