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Trench Warfare

millitary operation in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than on an open battlefield.

Zimmerman Note

Message proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico

Selective Service Act

law requiring men to register for military service

Allies

in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers

no mans land

Territory between rival Trenches, very dangerous

Eddie Rickenbacker

"ace" pilot who downed 26 enemy fighters in WWI

American Expeditionary Force

the U.S. forces, led by Gen. John Pershing, who fought with the allies in Europe during WWI

fourteen points

wilson's plan for world peace following world war I

War guilt clause

in treaty of Versailles; declared germany and austria responsible for WWI; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Allied powers

Reparations

payment for damages after a war

Conscientious Objector

person who refuses to enter the military or bear arms due to moral or religious reasons

League of Nations

An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.

Henry Cabot Lodge

conservative senator who wanted to keep the united states out of the league of nations

Armistice

agreement to stop fighting

War Industries Board

Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries.

Treaty of Versailles

treaty that ended WWI

Espionage and Sedition Acts

two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI

David Lloyd George

British prime minister during WWI

George Clemenceau

French Premier who wanted Germany stripped of all weapons vast German payments for costs of war, separate Rhineland to serve as buffer state France<>Germany

General John J. Pershing

General of the American Expeditionary Force in WWI

Lusitania

American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI

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