millitary operation in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than on an open battlefield.
in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
American Expeditionary Force
the U.S. forces, led by Gen. John Pershing, who fought with the allies in Europe during WWI
War guilt clause
in treaty of Versailles; declared germany and austria responsible for WWI; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Allied powers
person who refuses to enter the military or bear arms due to moral or religious reasons
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
Henry Cabot Lodge
conservative senator who wanted to keep the united states out of the league of nations
War Industries Board
Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries.
Espionage and Sedition Acts
two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI
French Premier who wanted Germany stripped of all weapons vast German payments for costs of war, separate Rhineland to serve as buffer state France<>Germany