Ancient Civilizations- Prehistory

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Stone Age

Began with the appearance of stone tools. Divided into 2 main phases- Paleolithic and Neolithic

Neolithic age

Humans settled down into mud hut villages and a farming and ranching lifestyle

Homosapiens

"Wise Man"- 2 species: Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons

Neanderthals

Named because fossil bones were found in Neander Vally in Germany in 1856

Neanderthal Characteristics

- Couldn't speak
- Thick brow
- Short life expectancy

Lascaux and Altamira

Cave painting sites discovered in the 19th century

Animism

Belief that elements of nature have souls or spirits

Homosapien Sapiens

"Doubly Wise Men"

Cro-Magnons

Named after the site in France where the first fossils were found in 1868

Cro-Magnon Characteristics

-Could speak
-Smaller brow (more human like)
-Longer life expectancy

Paleolithic Age

Began with first use of tools. Nomadic hunters hunted and gathered food in small tribes. Lived in caves.

Archeologists

People who excavate fossils and artifacts

Anthropologists

Specialize in artifacts and human fossils

Paleontologists

Experts in non-human remains

Domesticated

Tamed

Jericho

First village n history- probalby started as early as 9000 BC. Nearly 3000 people

Catal Huyuk

Second village in history- developed in 7500 BC. Nearly 800 people

Bipedalism

Ability to walk on two feet

Darwinism

Evolution

Intelligent Design

Humans evolved from apes but were pushed along by "something" or "someone"

Charles Darwin

19th century biologist

Evolution

Suggests that humans evolved from apes

Creationism

Described in the Bible, Christions believe that God made the humans

Artifacts

Objects created by humans

Fossils

Imprints of long dead animals or plants

Prehistory

Before written records were made

Historians

Specialists who examine the written records of humans to explain the development of various cultures

Landform

Feature of the Earth's surface

Hemisphere

Half of the Earth ( N,S,W,E )

Prime Meridian

Center line of longitude (0 degrees)

Longitude

Imaginary lines around the earth from North to South

Latitude

Imaginary lines around the earth from east to west

Equator

Center line of latitude ( 0 degrees )

Timeline

Chart that shows a sequence of events

Age/Era

Unknown amount of years

Millennium

1000 years

Century

100 years

Decade

10 years

A.D.

Anno Domini- Dates occurring after Jesus' birth

B.C.

Before Christ- Dates occurring before the birth of Jesus

Chronology

Method to record time

Neolithic Revolution

The transition from a hunting/gathering existence to a farming/ranching life

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