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History Exam Terms

Empathy

The identification of the feelings, thoughts, or attitudes of another

Evidence

Information used to support or prove a statement or conclusion

Primary Source

Something (such as a document, journal, etc.)that was created by someone who was alive during the events that occurred

Secondary Source

Something(such as a document,journal, etc.)that was created by someone who was not alive during the event that occurred

Point of View

A person's perspective of something based on his/her character, background, experience,etc.

Bias

Much stronger opinion than point of view. Sometimes, but not always, unfair or prejudiced

Historical Interpretation

The process of finding what a historical event means or what it meant in history

Ideals

A goal that you strive for

Equality

People are the same.Things are the same.Everyone treated the same.

Democracy

A system of government in which the power to rule comes from the consent of the governed

Liberty

Freedom of speech, religious.Freedom, civic liberty, political.Freedom

Opportunity

People able to do what they want to do. The chance to pursue hopes and dreams

Rights

Powers or privileges granted to people either by an agreement among themselves or by law

Monarchy

A government ruled by a king or queen where the powere is handed down by family; also consent of the governed

Dictatorship

One person or group of people control the government through military force

Natural Rights

Rights given to people when they are born:Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit Of Happiness

Landforms

Something formed on Earth (Mountains, Rivers, Etc.)

Natural Resources

Substance that comes from land

Regions

An area that has similar culture, climate, character

Census

A national official count of the population

Fossil Fuels

Any combustible organic material, as oil, coal, or natural gas, derived from the remains of former life

Rural

Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the country

Urban

Of, pertaining to, or designating a city or town

Settlement

A place where people create a place to live

Colony

A country sends people to a new land to a settlement to make money

Roanoke

First official colony in the current US, known as the "Lost Colony", founded by Sir Walter Raleigh(1585)

Jamestown

First successful colony in the US, founded in 1607, it was a jointstock colony, the purpose was to get gold, was started by VA company

Magna Carta

Written in 1215 in an attempt to limit the power of King John, one of the first examples of a document of code of law to limit the power of the monarch.

Charter

A document written to found a colony, generally written by the King of the mother country

Indentured Servant

an indebted person who works off their passage to the New World for 4-7 years

Proprietary Colony

Colony founded by proprietors (people founded by the King to govern colonies, was generally given as a gift by the King

Jointstock Colony

A colony founded as an investment

Consent

To permit, approve, or agree; comply or yield
* ____ Of Governed- Approval of the Governed

Crown Colony

A colony founded by the King

Pilgrim/Puritans

A group of people who wanted to separate from the Church Of England (People who came on Mayflower and started Plymouth colony in 1620, wanted religious journey )

English Bill Of Rights

Written in the 1600's in England, Greater attempt to limit monarch's power, gives some of King's power to the Parliament

Salutary Neglect

1607-1754; From the founding of the colonies to the beginning of the French & Indian War,Britain ignores America. America learns how to govern themselves during this time

Mercantilism

The ability for the mother country to make money off of their colonies, raw goods are taken by mother country, manufactured in mother country, and sold back to colonies at higher price

New England Colonies

Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire; The economies were based off of ship-building and trading;their climate was fairly chilly most of the time and their geography was mostly rocky;not good for farming (any farming was mostly subsistence)

Middle Colonies

New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware; Their economies were based off of farming grains because of mild climate and flat land. (known as the Breadbasket)

Southern Colonies

Virginia,Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Maryland; The cash crop capital of the colonies, they farm cash crops such as rice, indigo, and tobacco; Climate was hot and mild; Economy was based on slaves

French and Indian War

War between the French/Indians and the British/Colonists, 1754-1763;Was an extension of wars already going on in Europe;"War For Empire"; Purpose was for control of the Ohio River Valley; Ended Salutary Neglect and British being re interested in colonies

Unalienable Rights

Rights that cannot taken away

Proclamation Of 1763

Imaginary line drawn by King George III,prohibited colonist from crossing the Appalachian mountains,gave Ohio River Valley to Native Americans, first act that caused colonial unrest

Quartering Act

An act passed in 1765; colonists have to house, feed, provide for soldiers

Stamp Act

Passed in 1765; direct tax on all paper goods; repealed in 1766; Massively angers everyone in the colonies

Townshend Acts

Series of taxes put in place to pay salary of royal governor,tax on lead, paper, tea, glass; all taxes are repealed except tea

Writs Of Assistance

A required search warrant to search colonial ships

Tea Act

Put in place after Townshend Act was repealed; Allows colonist to only buy tea from the British East Indies Tea Company

Coercive Acts

In response to Boston Tea Party
1. Closed the Port Of Boston (except food and fuel for British soldiers)
2. Impose Military Rule On Colony Of Massachusetts
3. Disallow Colonial Assembly Meetings

Boston Massacre

Used to spread news around colonies; British shot at rioting colonists; Paul Revere drew exaggerating picture

Boston Tea Party

Over a million dollars worth of tea is dumped overboard by Sons Of Liberty

Sons/Daughters Of Liberty

Groups that formed to officially protest against British;Sons-Burned loyalist mansions, led boycotts, were responsible for the Boston Tea Party
Daughter-got to sew and make clothes for boycotts

Constitution

The document which establishes the present federal code of laws for the United States and is changed through amendments

Confederation

When power is divided between national and states governments.

Shay's Rebellion

Rebellion of farmer's that scared colonists

Bicameral legislature

A government with two houses

Proportional Representation

Determining the amount of representatives by population

Equal Representation

Equal representation no matter the population

Constitutional Convention

Meeting where the Constitution was written; In 1787 in the Philadelphia State house; originally met to revise AOC

New Jersey Plan

A plan for a weak government with equal state representation in the one-housed answer

Virginia Plan

Strong national government with population based representation.

Great Compromise

NJ Plan: Proposes 1 house in legislation with equal rep. for each state
VA Plan: Proposes 2 houses in legislation with rep based on population

Three-Fifths Compromise

The southern states wanted to count slaves because they had a lot of slaves, but the northern states were the opposite.

Electoral College

Conflict on how to elect the President:Either the delegates voted or the population voted.

Legislative Branch

Branch in charge of making laws

Judicial Branch

Branch in charge of interpreting laws

Executive Branch

Branch in charge of passing laws

Republic

A state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them

Ratification

The act of ratifying; confirmation; sanction

House Of Representatives

The lower legislative branch in many national and state bicameral governing bodies, as in the United States

Senate

The upper legislature in countries such as the USA

President

An officer appointed or elected to preside over an organized body of persons

Congress

The legislature of the United States government

Cabinet

Group who advises the President on any matters relating to the office. Members are the heads of departments. They are appointed by the President

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