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Review for your History of English test

IndoEuropean

the language almost all other languages came from

Germanic

the stock language of English-

French

official language of English for 200 years in Middle English

Angles

germanic tribe our word English or England came from

Saxons

most of our Old English comes from this germanic group

Jutes

first Germanic tribe to come to the aid of the Celts

Celts

eventually called foreigners and pushed into Wales

Bubonic Plague

united England during the Middle English period

William the Conqueror

led the Norman Conquest

Norman Conquest

French speaking people invaded Englan and ruled for 200 years

Invention of the Printing Press

Ended the Middle English period and began the Modern period

Beowulf

great piece of literature from Old English

Canterbury Tales

great piece of literature from Middle English

Geoffrey Chaucer

wrote Canterbury tales

William Shakespeare

the author who influenced our English language more than any other

Johannes Guttenberg

invented the printing press

Samuel Johnson

wrote the 1st complete dictionary of our English language

William Caxton

brought the printing press into England

King Alfred the great

insisted that our Old English language be written down

King Knut the wise

united the country during Old English by making them speak the same language

2500

number of languages in the world today

10000

number of French words we borrowed

Vikings

gave us words like knife and dirt

London & Trent

Celtic words still in our language

Jazz & banjo

words we have from the African Americans

Moccasin, opossum

North American Indian words

Chili and chocolate

South American Indian words

Mother, night

basic Anglo, Saxon words still part of our language

Jeep

General Purpose vehicle

Snafu

situation normal, all fouled up

bikini

atomic bomb testing site

chortle

a blend of chuckle and snort

smog

a blend of smoke and fog

scuba

self-contained underwater breathing apparatus

bedlam

absolute chaos

dictionary

gives history, pronunciation, and definitions of words

thesaurus

gives synonyms to use in place of a word

linguists

those who study languages

onomatopoeia

words that sound like what they mean

Chinese, Japanese

not Indo European languages

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