Poetic Essentials

17 terms by ruserious2012 

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oxymoron

a paradox reduced to two words used for effect to emphasize contrasts

irony

a mode of expression,through words or events, conveying a reality different from and usually opposite to appearance or expression

allegory

form of extended metaphor in which objects and persons in a narrative are equated with meanings that lie outside the narrative itself

allusion

a casual and brief reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event

symbol

something that is itself and yet also represents something else, like an idea

tone

the writer's attitude toward his readers and his subject

satire

manner of writing that mixes a critical attitude with wit and humor in an effort to improve mankind and human institutions

alliteration

the recurrence of initial consonant sounds

personification

metaphorical of an animal or inanimate object as having human attributes

assonance

the use of similar vowel sounds repeated in a successive or proximate words containing different consonants

euphemism

substitution of a mild or less negative word or phrase for a harsh or blunt one

understatement

expressing an idea with less emphasis or in a lesser degree than is the actual one

hyperbole

exaggeration used for emphasis, used to heighten effect, or to create a humorous perception

apostrophe

the direct address of a person or personified thing, either present or absent

metaphor

a comparison which imaginatively identifies one thing with another dissimilar thing, invoked by the "to be" verb

onomatopoeia

use of words which in their pronunciation suggests their meaning or sound

simile

a direct, expressed comparison using "like" or "as" between two things essentially unlike each other, but resembling each other in a way

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