Global 9 unit IV key terms

28 terms by bbmorgan 

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Triangular Trade

Over one trade route, Europeans transported manufactured goods to the west coast of Africa, where they were exchanged for captured Africans, who were then transported and sold in the West Indies. Merchants brought sugar, coffee, and tobacco back to Europe.

Middle Passage

the voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies, and later to North America, to be sold as slaves

Slave Castle

large commercial forts, built on the Gold Coast of West Africa (now Ghana) by European traders; they were used to hold slaves before they were loaded onto ships and sold in the Americas, especially the Caribbean

imperialism

domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region

direct rule

a system of government wherein the central government controls the states or provinces

indirect rule

a system of government that was developed in certain British non-colonial dependencies (particularly in parts of Africa and Asia) where the day-to-day government and administration of areas both small and large was left in the hands of traditional rulers, who gained prestige and the stability and protection afforded by the Pax Britannica

"Scramble for Africa"

aka the Race for Africa or Partition of Africa; was the invasion, occupation, colonization, and annexation of African territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period between 1881 and 1914

White Man's Burden

a poem by the English poet Rudyard Kipling; written to reflect the subject of American colonization of the Philippines, recently won from Spain in the Spanish-American War; it appears to be a rhetorical command to white men to colonise and rule other nations for the benefit of those people (both the people and the duty may be seen as representing the "burden" of the title)

Cecil Rhodes

successful businessman who supported British expansionism; he believed it was the right and duty of the successful to bring the results of their progress to other countries; DeBeer's diamond company largest in the world today

Berlin Conference

1884-85; 14 European nationis met to lay down rules for the division of Africa; little thought was given to how the Africans felt

nationalism

a feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country

cash crop

dependence on just one crop or even a few crops, which can make a country's economy very unstable

infrastructure

basic physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise, or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function; it is an important term for judging a country or region's development

British East India Company

set up in the 1600's; British set up trading posts in India; evetually British policies called for India to produce raw materials for British manufacturing and to buy British goods

Raj

refers to British rule after India came under the British crown during the reign of Queen Victoria

Genghis Khan

Mongol warrior; "universal ruler"; ruthless and brutal reputation for conquering in Asia and Europe in efforts to unite the Mongols over 21 years

Kublai Khan

grandson of Genghis Khan; assumed Khan title in 1260; founded Yuan Dynasty; focused on extending the power and range of his own khanate (Mongolia, Korea, Tibet, northern China); united China for the first time in more than 300 years

Yuan Dynasty

founded by Kublai Khan; lasted less than a century, til 1368, when it was overthrown

Admiral Zheng He

Chinese Muslim admiral whose 7 expeditions from Southeast Asia to Africa were huge (40-300 ships) - meant to show Chinese superiority; as a result, 16 countries sent tributes to the Ming court

Ming Dynasty

1368-1644; brought peace and prosperity to China

Opium Wars

conflicts between Britain and China lasting from 1839 to 1842, over Britain's opium trade in China

Manchu (Qing) Dynasty

1644 the Manchus invaded China and the Ming Dynasty collapsed

Treaty of Nanking

signed on the 29th of August 1842 to mark the end of the First Opium War (1839-42) between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Qing Dynasty of China; it was the first of unequal treaties against the Chinese because Britain had no obligations in return

extraterritoriality

an exemptioni of foreign residents from the laws of a country

spheres of influence

area in which an outside power claims exclusive trade privileges

Commodore Matthew Perry

in 1853 he took four ships into what is now Tokyo Harbor in attempts to convince the Japanese to open up their ports to trade

Treaty of Kanagawa

1854; under its terms, Japan opened up two ports at which U.S. ships could take on supplies; extended extraterritorial rights to many foreign nations

Meiji Restoration

"enlightened rule"; was a chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under the Meiji Emperor; led to enormous changes in Japan's political and social structure

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