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For free blacks living in the north

discrimination was common

nativists in the 1850s were known for their

anti-Catholic and anti foreign attitudes

Those people most opposed to President James K. Polk's expansionist program were the

antislavery forces

the plantation system of the cotton south was

increasingly monopolistic

The clash between Preston S. Brooks and Charles Sumner revealed

the fact that passions over slavery were becoming dangerously inflamed in both North and South

The panic of 1837 and 1857 resulted in

clamor for a higher tariff

During an 1837 Canadian insurrection against Britain

America was invaded by the British

In the Compromise of 1850, Congress determined that slavery in the NEw Mexico and Utah territories was

to be decided by popular sovereignty

German and Irish immigration to the South was discouraged by

competition with slave labor

The Free Soilers condemned slavery because

it destroyed the chances of free white workers to rise to self-employment

in 1855, proslavery southerners regarded kansas as

slave territory

One goal of Mexico in tis 1846-1848 war with the United States was to

free blacks

In the presidential election of 1844, the Whig candidate, Henry Clay,

favored postponing the annexation of Texas

For majority of northerners, the most outrageous part of the Supreme Court's ruling in the Dred Scott case was

that congress had never the power to prohibit slavery in any territory

John Tyler joined the Whig party because be

could not stomach the dictatorial tactics of Andrew Jackson

Stephen A. Douglas argued in his Freeport Doctrine during the Lincoln-Douglas debates that

action by territorial legislation could keep slavery out of the territories

"Lame-duck" President James Buchanan believed that

the Constitution did not authorize him to force southern states to stay in the Union

The event that brought turmoil to the administration of Zachary Taylor was the

discovery of gold in California

Secessionists supported leaving the Union because

-the were tired of abolitionist attacks
-the believed that the North would not oppose their departure
-The political balance seemed to be tipping against them
-they were dismayed by the success of the Republic party

The Wilmot Proviso, introduced into Congress during the Mexican War, declared that

slavery would be banned from all territories that Mexico ceded to the United States

Lecampten Constitution

proposed that the state of Kansas have slavery regardless of whether the document was approved or not

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