Chapter 18 American Society in the Industrial Age

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Which of the following describes most middle-class families of the late nineteenth century?

They lost some of the reforming zeal and moral fervor they typically had before the Civil War.

In Thorstein Veblen's Theory of the Leisure Class (1899) he

theorized that middle-class consumption was done mainly for superficial purposes.

In general, ________ workers were usually well-off as a result of late-nineteenth-century industrialization.

skilled industrial

As a result of late-nineteenth-century industrial development,

personal contact between employer and employee tended to disappear.

In the new types of work women found in the late nineteenth century, they

were often hired as salespersons in department stores because managers considered them easier to control than men.

In the late nineteenth century, educated, middle-class women dominated the new profession of

nursing

Early social workers who visited working-class homes in the late nineteenth century discovered

considerable differences in the standard of living among families in the same occupation.

Which of the following statements about society in the late 1800s is true?

The gap between rich and poor was growing.

Census records reveal that the average urban American of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries

experienced considerable geographical mobility

After 1870, American public education

changed steadily in response to the many social and economic changes of the era.

In the late 1800s secondary education

was accessible to those with special abilities or from well-off families.

Real-life rags-to-riches experiences, like those of Andrew Carnegie, were

rare exceptions.

The main reason for immigration to the United States during the late nineteenth century was the

collapse of the peasant economy in northern Europe.

Before 1882, Americans restricted ________ from immigrating to the United States.

almost no one

Beginning in the 1880s, the source of American immigration shifted to new immigrants from

southern and eastern Europe.

Both the "new" immigrants of the 1880s and the "old" Irish immigrants of the 1840s were mostly

peasants.

The so-called "birds of passage" during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were

a minority of all who entered the United States.

One of the causes which eventually led to restrictions on immigration was the

social Darwinists' fears that immigrants would undermine American "racial purity."

Criticisms of immigrants as "longhaired, wild-eyed, bad-smelling, atheistic, reckless foreign wretches" and as "Europe's human and inhuman rubbish" were characteristic of

nativists

The new nativism of the late nineteenth century was exemplified by the

American Protective Association.

Although there were additional factors as well, by the final decades of the nineteenth century the chief cause of urban growth was

the expansion of industry.

The "new" immigrants from eastern and southern Europe

settled in ethnic neighborhoods in the urban centers.

The urban ethnic neighborhoods of the late nineteenth century were

crowded and unhealthy.

What city was a pioneer in regulating city house construction and sanitation?

new york

A residential apartment building, common in New York in the late 1800s, that was built on a tiny lot without consideration of proper lighting and ventilation was known as a

tenement.

Urban transportation was revolutionized and urban development was redirected in the 1880s by

electric trolleys.

The first electric trolley car line in America was installed by Frank J. Sprague in

Richmond, Virginia.

As a result of the streetcar, American cities

expanded their geographical area enormously as the upper and middle classes fled city centers

Late-nineteenth-century spectator sports were notable for their

mixture of upper- and working-class interests

In 1891, James Naismith invented the game of

basketball.

Walter Camp played a major role in establishing

football as a major sport.

How did Roman Catholic Church leaders respond to the problems of industrialism?

They tended to see vice as a personal matter and poverty as an act of God.

The lay evangelist of the late nineteenth century who conducted vigorous campaigns to convince the poor to abandon their sinful ways was

Dwight L. Moody

Characters asked themselves, "What would Jesus do?" in Charles M. Sheldon's best-selling Social Gospel novel,

In His Steps

The community centers started by idealistic young people to guide and help the urban poor were

settlement houses.

The first example of a settlement house in America was established in New York by

Dr. Stanton Coit.

The founder of Chicago's Hull House was

Jane Addams.

Settlements houses were

sufficiently funded by private beneficence.

The response of American intellectuals such as Walt Whitman and Henry Adams to the new industrial civilization was to

denounce it as leading to the worship of money and material success.

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