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King Philip II

Who was king of England in 1588

They were faster and lighter

How were England's ships able to defeat the ships of the Spanish Armada

hurricane

what ultimately destroyed half of the Spanish fleet

Francis Drake

Who was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I for his raids on Spanish ships

Sir Walter Raliegh

Who sent men to settle a colony at Roanoke?

Virginia Dare

Who was the first English child born in America

they mysteriously dissapeared

What happened to the people of the second Roanoke colony

Jamestown

What was the first permanent English settlement in America

1607

When was Jamestown founded

Susan Constant, Godspeed & Discovery

What three ships traveled to Jamestown

All food put in a public store house

Describe the Common Store System

John Smith

Who ended the common store system

II Thessalonians 3:10

On what Bible verse did Smith base his policy

the starving time

Winter of 1609-1610 was _____________

John Rolfe

Who developed a less bitter type of tobacco

Pocahontas

What Powhatan indian married John Rolfe

a group of representatives

What was the House of Burgesses

1619

When did the first women & African Americans come to Jamestown

Rhode Island, Massechusetts, New Hampshire, Conneticut

List the New England Colonies

Henry VIII

Who was the head of the Anglican Church

People who want to purify the Anglican church

What is a Puritan

People who wanted to form their own church away from the Anglican Church

What is a Separatist

Mayflower

What ship did the pilgrims come on

35

How many people on the Mayflower were actually Pilgrims

strangers

What were non-Pilgrims called

Virginia

Where were the Pilgrims supposed to land

They couldn't sail in winter

Why did they settle in Massechusetts instead

Mayflower Compact

What document set up laws for the Plymouth Colony

Squanto and Samoset

What 2 Indians helped the Pilgrims learn how to grow food and hunt and fish

Fall, 1621

When was the first Thanksgiving

William Bradford

Whose idea was it to have Thanksgiving

the history of Plymouth Plantation

What book did William Bradford write

Charles I

Who became the King of England in 1625

Mainly a religious difference

Describe the rivalry between England and Spain

New Netherlands

Where did the Separatists originally try to settle

Massechusetts Bay

What colony was created in 1629 as a haven for Puritans

John Winthrop

who was the governer of Massachusetts bay

many puritans left for America because of persecution

What was the Great migration

Harvard

What is the oldest college in the United States

Thomas Hooker

Who founded Conneticut

Roger Williams

Who settled Rhode Island

it allowed religious freedom

Why was Rhode Island important

New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware

What are the Middle Colonies

for treason

Why was King Charles I beheaded in 1649

Oliver Cromwell

Who led the parliamentary forces against the King

Charles II

Who became King after Cromwell's death

Netherlands

What country first controlled what is now New York

New Amsterdam

What was the main settlement of New Netherlands

Peter Styvesant

Who was the governer of New Netherlands

Duke of York

Who was New York named for

George Cartret and John Berkely

Who founded New Jersey

William Penn

Who founded Pennsylvania

Quakers

What religious group did William Penn belong to

It was given to William Penn

How did Delaware become a colony

Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia and Maryland

List the Southern Colonies

Maryland

What was the first Catholic colony

Queen Henrietta Maria

Who was Maryland named for

Ark and Dove

What 2 ships brought the first settlers to Maryland

Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon

What 2 astronomers settled a border dispute between Maryland and Pennsylvania

Act of Toleration

What law protected Maryland from attempts to make it a protestant colony

farmers revolted against the Virginia government

Describe Bacon's rebellion

economic differences

Why did Carolina split into 2 separate colonies

tobacco and timber, no good harbor

What products were grown in North Carolina

rice, indigo and a good port

What products were grown in South Carolina

1729

When did North and South Carolina formally divide

1733

When was Georgia founded

George Oglethorpe

Who founded Georgia

King George

Who was Georgia named for

provide a place for debtors, buffer colony, grow silk

For what three reasons was Georgia founded

Slavery rum Catholics

What 3 things did Oglethorpe ban

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