Weathering and Erosion, Ch 4: 5th - SC

31 terms by chele_lane 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Terms....Ch 4

plates

gigantic slabs of rock that make up the earth's crust

fault

a break or crack in the earth's crust where plates come together

weathering

the slow process that breaks rocks down into smaller pieces

deposition

the dropping off of weathered rock

composite volcano

cone shaped volcano with explosive and gentle eruptions

shield volcano

wide flat volcano formed by layers and layers of lava building up over time

cinder-cone volcano

a volcano with steep sides that forms when pieces of lava fall around the vent

hot spot

place where magma partially melts through the earth's crust

creep

slow movement along the faults

tsunami

giant ocean wave caused by an underwater earthquake

erosion

movement of sediments and soil by wind, water, ice, and gravity

constructive

processs that create landform

destructive

processes that destroy landforms

landslides

mass movements of land due to gravity

avalanche

mass movents of snow due to gravity

earthquakes

vibrations on earthy's surface caused by sudden movements in earth, often along a fault

floods

excessive amount of water covering what usually is dry land

Tornado Alley

an area in the plains where tornadoes are highly likely to occur

physical weathering

rocks broken down into smaller pieces without changing the rock type

chemical weathering

when the minerals in the rocks change into other minerals....lichens

reverse fault

plates pushed together by rocks moving up example Himalaya mountains

strike slip fault

plates moving along side each other,not up or down. example San Andreas

tornado

a narrow column of wind

dormant volcano

volcano that isn't erupting anymore

normal fault

plates pull apart and the rocks above the surface move down

Ring of Fire

location in the Pacific Ocean where a bunch of volcanoes can be found

creep

slow movement of land along the faults

magma

melted rock beneath the earth's surface

lava

melted rock that reaches the earth's surface

rift volcano

volcano found along the edge of spreading plates

active volcano

a volcano that is still erupting

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set