Musculoskeletal disorders

49 terms by kslade62 

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orthopedist

bone specialist

podiatrist

foot specialist

ankylosis

loss or absence of mobility in a joint, resulting in a "crooked" joint

arthrosclerosis

stiffness of the joints

bursitis

inflammation of a bursa

chondromalacia

abnormal softening of cartilage

chondroma

tumor made up of cartilage cells

costochondritis

inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum

hemarthrosis

blood within a joint

synovitis

inflammation of a synovial membrane

luxation

dislocation

subluxation

partial dislocation

rheumatism

old-fashioned term for arthritis

arthritis

inflammation of the joints

osteoarthritis

wear-and-tear arthritis

rheumatoid arthritis

arthritis caused by the body's immune system attacking its own joints

spondylosis

abnormal condition of the vertebrae

lumbago

low back pain

spondylolisthesis

slipping of the vertebrae

kyphosis

abnormal curvature of the spine which gives a person a "hunch back"

lordosis

abnormal curvature of the spine where a person has a "sway back"

scoliosis

abnormal lateral curvature of the spine

craniostenosis

abnormal narrowing of the skull

ostealgia

pain in a bone

osteitis

inflammation of a bone

osteomalacia

abnormal softening of a bone

osteomyelitis

inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone

osteonecrosis

death of bone tissue

periostitis

inflammation of the periosteum

myeloma

cancer of the bone marrow

osteochondroma

benign tumor of bone and cartilage

osteoporosis

abnormal condition of having porous bones

osteopenia

deficiency of bone

arthroscopy

visual exam of a joint

arthrodesis

surgical fusion of a joint

arthrolysis

surgical loosening of a stiff joint

bursectomy

surgical removal of a bursa

chondroplasty

surgical repair of cartilage

synovectomy

surgical removal of a synovial membrane of a joint

arthroplasty

surgical repair of a joint

vertebroplasty

surgical repair of a vertebrae

craniectomy

surgical removal of part of the skull

craniotomy

surgical incision of the skull

cranioplasty

surgical repair of the skull

osteoclasis

surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity

ostectomy

surgical removal of bone

osteoplasty

surgical repair of bone

osteorrhaphy

surgical suturing, or wiring together, of bones

osteotomy

surgical incision of a bone

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