Medical Terminology: not from word parts

84 terms by Rachellesmith7 

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Oncology

the study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)

Tumors develop from

excessive growth of cells from a body part.

Benign

noncancerous

Malignant

cancerous

adenocarcinoma

cancerous tumor of glandular tissue.

adenoma

tumor composed of glandular tissue

carcinoma

cancerous tumor (malignant)

chloroma

tumor of green color (malignant, arising from myeloid tissue)

epithelioma

tumor composed of epithelium (may be benign or malignant)

fibroma

tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue) (benign)

fibrosarcoma

malignant tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)

leiomyoma

tumor composed of smooth muscle (benign)

leiomyosarcoma

malignant tumor of smooth muscle.

lipoma

tumor composed of fat.

liposarcoma

malignant tumor of fat.

melanocarcinoma

cancerous black tumor (malignant)

melanoma

black tumor (primarily of the skin)

myoma

tumor composed of muscle (benign)

neoplasm

new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor)

neuroma

tumor composed of nerve (benign)

rhabdomyoma

tumor composed of striated muscle (benign)

rhabdomyosarcoma

malignant tumor of striated muscle

sarcoma

tumor of connective tissue (such as bone or cartilage) (highly malignant)

cytogenic

producing cells

cytoid

resembling a cell

cytology

study of cells

cytoplasm

cell substance

dysplasia

abnormal development

epithelial

pertaining to epithelium

erythrocytosis

increase in the number of red (blood) cell

histology

study of tissue

hyperplasia

excessive development (number of cells)

hypoplasia

incomplete development (of an organ or tissues)

karyocyte

cell with a nucleus

karyoplasm

substance of a nucleus

leukocyte

white (blood) cell

leukocytosis

increase in the number of white (blood) cells.

lipoid

resembling fat

myopathy

disease of the muscle

neuroid

resembling a nerve

somatic

pertaining to the body

somatogenic

originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)

somatopathy

disease of the body

somatoplasm

body substance

systemic

pertaining to a (body) system (or the body as a whole)

visceral

pertaining to the internal organs

cancerous

pertaining to cancer

carcinogen

substance that causes cancer

carcinogenic

producing cancer

cyanosis

abnormal condition of blue (bluish discoloration of the skin caused by inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood)

diagnosis

state of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)

etiology

study of causes (of diseases)

iatrogenic

produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician.)

iatrology

study of medicine

metastasis

beyond control (spread of disease from one organ to another, as in the transfer of malignant tumors.)

neopathy

new disease

oncogenic

causing tumors

oncologist

a physician who studies and treats tumors

organic

pertaining to an organ

organoid

resembling an organ

pathogenic

producing disease

pathologist

a physician who studies disease (examines biopsies and performs autopsies to determine the cause of disease/death)

pathology

study of disease(a branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)

prognosis

state of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)

xanthochromic

pertaining to yellow color

xanthosis

abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)

carcinoma in situ

cancer in the early stage before invading the surrounding tissue

chemotherapy (chemo)

treatment of cancer with drugs

encapsulated

enclosed in a capsule, as with benign tumors

exacerbation

increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms

idiopathic

pertaining to a disease of unknown origin

inflammation

response to injury or destruction of tissue characterized by redness, swelling, heat, and pain

in vitro

within a glass, observable within a test tube

in vivo

within the living body

radiation therapy

treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, X-ray, or radiation

remission

improvement or absence of signs of disease

Ca

carcinoma

chemo

chemotherapy

Dx

diagnosis

mets

metastasis

Px

prognosis

RBC

red blood cell

XRT

radiation therapy

WBC

white blood cell

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