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ballad

poem in verse form that tells a story and is meant to be sung or recited

elegy

poem of lament, praise, and consolation, usually formal and sustained, over the death of a person; medtitative poem in a plantive or sorrowful mood

epic

extended narrative poem, usually simple in consturction, but grand in scope, exalted in style, heroic in theme, often expression to the ideas of a nation or race

lyric

speaker's expression of a emotional element, brief

ode

type of lyric or melic verse, usually irregular, considerable length, sometimes divided in accordance with transitions of throught and mood

sonnett

14 lines, grouped in 3 quatrains, followed by a detached rhyme

figurative language

words, phrases, symbols, and ideas that evoke mental images

imagery

elements in a literary work used to evoke mental images

metaphor

word or phrase literally denoting 1 object or idea is applied to another, thereby sugesting a likeness or anology

simile

comparison is made between 2 unalike things using like or as

personification

distinctive human characteristics are given to an animal or object

poetic sound devices

techniques that a poet uses to create a certin sound or musical quality in his/her poetry

alliteration

also called head rhyme or initial rhyme, the repetition of the inital sounds of stress syllables in neighboring wors or at short intervals with in a line or passage

assonance

relatively close juxtapositions of the same or similar vowel sound, but with different end consonants in a line or passage, thus a vowel rhyme

consonance

close repetition of the same end consonants of stressed syllables with differerent vowel sounds

onomatopoeia

using words that imitate the sound they denote

repetion

basic artistic device, fundamental to any conception of poetry

rhythem

essential of all poetry, regular or progressive of recurrent accents in the flow of a poem as determined by the arses and theses of the metrical feet

rhyme

be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable

rhyme scheme

pattern established by the arrangement of rhymes in a stanza or poem

diction

choice of words, phrases, sentence structures, and figuratative language in literary work

denotation

literal dictionary meanings of a word

connotation

suggestion of a meaning by a word beyond what is explicitly denotes

allusion

implied or indirect reference to something assumed to be known

apostrophe

address is made to an absent or deceased person or a peronified thing rhetorically

oxymoron

conjoining contradictory terms

pun

play on words

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