ditch filled with water for an additional barrier; moat was polluted
main entrance, weakest point of the castle
enclosed courtyard, many shops, work areas, storage areas, stables, gardens
high walls protected the castle, had a view
narrow opening to fire arrows
a hole in which a criminal falls in, boiling water or heavy rocks are dropped on them
heavy gate of crossed bars to lower in front of doors
home of a noble and his family and the site of his court. If castle was destroyed defenders could go in the keep.
the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe. It started in the black sea by russia.
the royal treaty of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215. It weakened the feudal system by making England a limited Monarchy
They were helpful because they took care of the religious problems and that was an area of safety. They were involved by providing the very poor peasants with free bread daily, and making sure no one said or plans to do anything to the pope.
Crusades were bad because...
it brought an immense feud between christians and muslims, still lasting today, which lead to events like 9/11.
A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people. They operated by being a group of merchants selling their items, such as meat, metal, etc. They provided insurance for the person, and their family, and more, but there were some rules.
Process of becoming a master craftsmen
First, they are 7 years old. The first 7 years, they are an apprentice. The next 7 years, they are a journeyman. Then, they create their 1st masterpiece. Then, they become a craftsmen.
process of becoming a knight
They are a page when theyre 7, then an esquire when theyre 14, then a knight. This is simlar bcuz both take 14 years, and at the half point, they arent at the first step of training.
someone who grinds grain into flour at a mail
one who trims the hedges at a castle
tested the quality of fresh brewed DRINKS
supervised the work on lords property
took care of estate and domestic administration. Supervised the household
responsible for great chamber and personal fincances (moneyman)
someone who cooks food
the things that combined in 1453 to signal that the medieval period was...
Intrest in exploration, death of the byzantine empire