What is the Bill of Rights?
First 10 amendments to the Constitution.
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?
People were afraid the new government did not protect the rights of individual people.
Guarantees and protects the freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
Gives state militias the right to bear arms (guns).
Lodging of soldiers in private homes is only allowed with consent of the owner.
Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures (need a warrant with probable cause).
Guarantees due process of law -- a person must be charged with a specific crime, cannot be tried twice for same crime, cannot be forced to testify against themself, and the government cannot seize private property without compensation.
People have the right to a fair and speedy trial. They must be told charges against them and have the right to an attorney.
People have the right to a jury trial in civil cases.
Forbids unreasonably high bail or any cruel or unusual punishment.
People have certain rights even when they are not specifically stated in the Constitution.
Powers not given to the federal government belong to the states.