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Byzantine & Russian Empires Chapter

Boyars

Land owning aristocracy in early Russia.

Cyrillic

Alphabet based on Greek letters that was developed by two Byzantine missionaries, Cyril and Methodius, to write Slavic languages.

Czar/Tsar

Russian for "Caesar," the title used by Russian emperors.

Missionary

A person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs.

Ottoman Turks

Muslims that captured Constantinople in 1453 ending the Byzantine Empire.

Principality

Territory ruled by a prince.

Slavs

People from the forests north of the Black Sea.

Steppe

An extensive plain without trees (often associated with eastern Russia and Siberia).

Tribute

A tax levied by a ruler often as a mark of respect.

Vikings

Scandanavian people who explored and traded south along the rivers of eastern Europe eventually intermarrying with the Slavs.

Vladimir

Russian ruler who chose Byzantine Christianity as the official religion of the Russian state.

Volga

River trade route that linked Russians to the Byzantine world.

Yaroslav

Ruler during Golden Age of Kiev who issued a law code based on the Code of Justinian.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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