Mercyb US History First Semester Final Review

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Tariffs

taxes on imported goods

Prohibition

a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages

Nineteenth amendment

granted women the right to vote in 1920

Nativism

a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones

Red Scare

a period of general fear of communists

Reparations

payments for war damage

Buying on margin

An option that allowed investors to purchase a stock for only a fraction of its price and borrow the rest

stock

a share of a company

Anarchists

people who believe there should be no government

Mitchell Palmer

conducted raids on suspected anarchists and radicals

Dawes Plan

developed by an American banker to rescue Germany's economy

Sacco and Vanzetti

Anarchists and Italian immigrants accused of murder. Sentenced to death.

Dow Jones

Oldest indicator of the ups and downs of the stock market . 30 leading blue chip stocks

KKK

Hated not only blacks but also jews, catholics, immigrants, and groups believed to represent "Un-American" values.

Hawley Smoot Tariff

charged a high tax for imports thereby leading to less trade between America and foreign countries along with some economic retaliation

Scopes Trial

1925 trial in Tennessee on the issue of teaching evolution in public schools

Tea Pot Dome

Oil scandal during the Harding administration

Woodrow Wilson

U.S. President, who led USA into WWI. He proposed the 14 points. He attended the peace conference at Versailles.

Versailles Treaty

1919 treaty that ended WWI

Zimmerman Note

Message proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico

U-boat

German Submarine

Articles of Confederation

the document that created the first central government for the United States; it was replaced by the Constitution in 1789

Louisiana Purchase

Jefferson bought this from France

Monroe Doctrine

an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers

Secession

the withdrawal of eleven Southern states from the Union in 1860 which precipitated the American Civil War

Reconstruction

The period when the South rejoined the Union.

13th Amendment

slavery abolished

Homestead Act

Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years.

Pendleton Act

began a transfer of federal jobs from the patronage to the merit system

Carnegie

the steel king

Muckraker

a journalist who uncovers abuses and corruption in a society

Political Bosses

Leaders of political machines that bribed citizens in order to receive votes

Tweed

Boss of Tammany Hall

Nast

cartoonist who exposed the Tweed Ring

Collective bargaining

process in which workers negotiate as a group with employers

Gentlemen's Agreement

Agreement with Japan and the US, mutual restrictions of immigration

Imperialism

a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries

USS Maine

a U.S. warship that mysteriously exploded and sank in the harbor of Havana, Cuba on February 15, 1898

Common Sense

a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation

Three fifths compromise

agreement at the constitutional Convention that 3/5 of the slaves in any state be counted in its population

Jim Crow Laws

Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites

Women's suffrage

the right for women to vote

Laissez faire

policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference

Trust buster

Roosevelt's nickname

Philippines annexation

given to U.S. for a payment of $20 million; very controversial because we had promised independence

Bull Market

a period of increased stock trading and rising stock prices

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