← Terms Test #9 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Brigham Young
- Winfield Scott, Chapultepec 1847
- Mexican War 1846
- Gadsden Purchase 1853
- Wilmot Proviso 1846
- a A statement by Dacid Wilmot that said that slavery should not exsist in any part of the territories received from Mexico. It soon came to symbolized the burning issue of slavery between the North and the South.
- b James Gadsden was a South Carolinia railroad man who was appointed by the minister to Mexico. He was told to buy land South of the Arizona teritory from Mexico because it was the best site for the Southern Transcontinental Railroad. The U.S. government bought the land for $10 miliion.
- c He campaigned his way to Mexico City via Vera Cruz. Near Mexico City he and his troops fought the final battle of the Mexican war at Chapultepec.
- d Polk sent General taylor and the army to the disputed Texan territory. Talyor waited for a Mexican offensive but he had to provoke Santa Anna to have a battle. This Mexican offensive justified Polks declaration of war against Mexico. The U.S. thoroughly defeated the Mexican armies and was greatly rewarded at the peace treaty at Guadalupe-Hidalgo.
- e He became the Mormon leader after Joseph Smith was killed. He led a mass migration of 17,000 people across the Great Plains and settled in what is today, Salt Lake City, Utah. He established towns throughout Utah, Idaho, and Arizona. Brigham Young University (BYU) is named after Young.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- President of Mexico during the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican War. After both of these wars, he ceded the northern provinces of Mexico and Texas to the U.S.
- He was in California in 1846 with 62 sharpshooters. he overthrew the Mexican government and raised the California flag to proclaim the new California Republic.
- A church located in San Antonio, was the site of a battle between the Mexican and Texan armies. WilliamTravis and 182 Americans were slaughtered by Santa Anna's men. "Remember the Alamo" helped spur the Texan armies to fight the Mexicans.
- He was a democratic president from Tennesee who was very dedicated to his work, During his presidency, he lowered tariffs, re-established the independent Treasury, and obtained Oregon and California.
- A four-time senator from missouri and headed the military commitee before the Mexican War. His nickname was "Mr. Manifest Destiny" because he strongly advocated American expansion.
5 True/False Questions
San Jacinto 1836 → The last battle of the Texas War for Independence. The Texas army continually retreated during the war so they could train their soilders. The Mexican army soon became overconfident and suffered a sound defeat when the Texan army attacked.
Joseph Smith → He was an American fur trapper and realator who went to the Oregon Territory to challenge the Hudson Bay Company monopoly on the fur trade and returned to the east bankrupt.
Caroline and Creole Affairs → The independent counrty of Texas between 1836 and1845. Independence was declared by Texas and a war of independence with Mexico soon followed. Was annexed by the U.S. in 1845.
Manifest Destiny → A belief that the U.S. was the most perfect country in the world and that God wanted the U.S. to continue expanding. By doing so, less fortunate people in the western hemisphere could enjoy the blessing of a democratic institiution.
Empresario System 1825 → A Mexican system that offered large and inexpensive land grants to empresarios (leaders of large bands of settlers) for importing hundreds of families to Texas. By 1830, there were 20,000 Americans, 5,000 slaves, and 4,000 Mexicans living in Texas.