materials test #3

63 terms by jna1331 

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flexion

decreasing angle between two bones ( i.e. bends limb)

extension

increases angle,between two bones ( i.e. extends limb)

abduction

moving limb away from median plane

adduction

moving limb towards median plane

hypertrophy

over developed , muscle gets larger w/ exercise

atrophy

decrease in muscle, muscle shrinks

origin

starting point of muscle (no movement)

insertion

opposite end ( most movement)

largest strong muscle of the head

temporalis

what type of muscle is the eye

extrinsic

what do nasal turbinates do? what do they look like?

warm & humidify air, look like scrolls

where is the foramen magnum? what is it?

occipital & foramen magnum is a hole where spinal cord passes through

what are sutures? where are they commonly found

firm/immovable fibrous joints, in the skull, uniting majority of component bones.

2 halves of the jaw come together at

mandibular symphysis

where does the hip connect to the pelvis?

pubic symphysis

vertebral column

Cervical-7, Thoracic-13, Lumbar-7, Sacral-3, Caudal-cd20-23(tail)

antebrachium, what makes it?

forearm. ulna and radius

largest bone in the hindlimb

femur

largest bone in the forelimb

humerus

what is a synovial joint

the most moveable type of joint, achieve movement at the point of contact of the articulating bones

types of synovial joints

hip, shoulder,scapulohumeral

example of a splancnic bone

os penis, os cordis

example of a sesamoid bone

patella

what meds are given IM

anti-inflammatory, antibiotics

where are IM meds commonly given

gluteal muscle

digital extensors do what

extend the toes

carpal flexors do what

flex the wrist

muscles of the thorax

external and internal intercostals

external intercostals assit w/ what

inspiration

internal intercostals assit w/

expiration

PCV

Packed cell volume

PCV def

percent of red blood cells in total blood

high PCV

dehydration

low PCV

over hydration, acute or chronic blood loss, immune mediated disease

Total Protein (TP)

measures ratio of protein in blood

normal TP

6-7.5

more concerned w/ low or high TP?

low TP, liver disease

What is TP looked at with

refractometer,calibrated with distilled water

serum

plasma w/o the clotting factor

plasma

liquid part of the blood

what do pectorals do?

adduct the limbs

what do triceps brachi do

extend the elbow

what do biceps brachi do

flex elbow

two ossification methods

intramembranous an endochondral

Condyle

round projection on bone

foramen

hole/passage for blood vessels

fossa

hollow or depressed area on bone

tendon

connects muscle to bone

ligament

connects bone to bone

3 dog skull shapes

dolichocephalic-long & narrow-greyhound, afghan hound
brachycephalic-short & wide- boxer,bulldog, pug
mesaticephalic- normal, average shape-lab,retriever

cat skull

round & apple shaped

osteoblast

a bone forming cell

osteoclast

destroys, remodels bone to make bone marrow cavity

zygomatic arch

cheek bones, common restraint for cats

saggital crest

"idiot bump" , ridge of the bone on dorsal part of skull

bone shapes

long, flat, short, irregular

long bones

limbs(femur, humerus). has a shaft w/medullary cavity

flat bones

skull, scapula, ribs. no medullary cavity,compact outer layer with spongy inner

short bones

carpal/tarsal bones,no medullary cavity

irregular bones

vertebrae, uniformed in shape, lie in midline, unpaired

skeletal system

framework of the body and made up of bone & cartilage

5 skeletal system funcc

locomotion, protection, storage, support, hemopoiesi

specialized bones

sesamoid-develop in ligament, tendon,seasme seed shaped.
pneumatic- air filled spaces, sinus cavity
splanchnic-developed in organ-os penis

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