Reynolds Chapter 1 Vocabulary

20 terms by bwreynolds

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classify

To put something into a group

kingdom

The highest level of classification of living things. There are six kingdoms of living things - archaebacteria, eubacteria, protists, fungi, plants, and animals

phylum

The level of classification of living things below kingdom

class

The level of classification below phylum

species

The lowest level of classification

vertebrates

Animals with a backbone

mammals

Animals that breathe air through their lungs, make milk for their young, warm-blooded, have hair or fur, young are born looking very much like their parents

invertebrates

Animals without a backbone

arthropods

Insects, lobsters, and spiders. The largest phylum of animals. have jointed feet, bodies divided into several parts, have gills or lungs

dichotomous key

Used to identify an unknown organism. Answer a series of questions, and follow the arrow with the correct answer to each question. This helps to identify an unknown organism

conifers

A vascular plant that reproduces using cones and seeds - pines, firs, and spruce

fungi

An organism that is not classified as a plant or animal - mushrooms, yeast - not plants because they are not able to make their own sugar for food

Protists

An organism that is not classified as a plant or animal - single celled - algae - live in colonies, sometimes help with digestion in certain animals

Eubacteria

An organism that is not classified as a plant or animal - single-celled, different shaped (spheres, rods, spirals)

Archabacteria

An organism that is not classified as a plant or animal - single-celled, can survive environments that are deadly to most other kinds of life, live well in hot springs, very salty water

fossils

Remains or mark of a living thing from long ago, found in sedimentary rock

Taxonomist

Scientists who identify and classify organisms - allowed to name a new species if one is discovered

plant

An organism that uses water, carbon dioxide, and energy from sunlight to make sugar for food

animal

An organism that relies on plants or other animals for food, can move on its own

characteristic

Typical, distinctive qualities of a living thing or object

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