medical terminology simplified 11

105 terms by Busoni13 

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medical terminology simplified 11

blepharo

bw of eyelid

blepharospasm

involuntary contraction of eyelid muscles

choroid

bw of choroid

choroidopathy

noninflammatory degeneration of the choroid

corneo

bw of cornea

coro

bw of pupil

anisocoria

inequality of the size of the pupils

coreometer

instrument for measuring the pupil

dacryo

bw of tear; lacrimal apparatus

lacrimo

bw of tear; lacrimal apparatus

dacryorrhea

excessive secretion of tears

lacrimation

secretion and discharge of tears

diplo

bw of double

diplopia

two images of an object seen at the same time

iridoplegia

paralysis of the sphincter of the iris

irido

bw of the iris

kerato

bw of the horny tissue; hard; cornea

keratoplasty

replacement of a cloudy cornea with a transparent one, typically derived from an organ donor; corneal grafting

oculo

bw of eye

intraocular

within the eyeball

opthalmo

bw of eye

oculo

bw of eye

intraoculuar

within the eyeball

opthalmoscope

instrument used for examining the interior of the eye especially the retina

opto

bw of eye, optic

optic

pertaining to the eye or sight

retino

bw of retina

sclero

bw of the sclera or of hardening

scleritis

superficial and deep inflammation of the sclera

-opia

ew of vision

opsia

ew of vision

amblyopia

reduction or dimness of vision with no apparent pathological condition

heteropsia

inequality of vision in the two eyes; different vision

choroiopathy

disease of the choriod

keratorrhexis

rupture of the cornea

opthalmoplegia

paralysis of the eye muscle

blepharoedema

swelling and baggy appearance of the eyelids

blepharoplasty

surgical repair of the eyelids

erythropia

objects which are not red appear to be red

xanthopia

object which are not yellow appear to be yellow

diplopia

a condition of "double vision"

myopia

near sightedness

hyperopia

far sightedness

blepharospasm

twitching of the eye lid

blepharoptosis

vertical displacement of the eyelids, preferably after strokes

lacrimal gland location

above the outer corner of each eye

lacrimal gland

produce tears, which keeps the eyeballs moist

nasolacrimal duct

collects and drains tears into the lacrimal sac

dacryadenitis

inflammation of the tear gland

acouso

bw of hearing

audio

bw of hearing (a)

myringo

bw of tympanic membrane (eardrum)

tympano

bw of tympanic membrane (eardrum)

oto

bw of ear

salpingo

bw of tube(auditory)

acoustic

pertaining to sound or the sense of hearing

audiometer

an instrument for testing hearing

myringotomy

incision of the tympanic membrane

tympanoplasty

surgical repair of the tympanic membrane

otorrhea

inflammation of the ear with purulent discharge

salpingopharyngeal

concerning the eustachian tube and the pharynx

-acusis

ew of hearing

anacusis

total deafness

-tropia

ew of turning

hypertropia

an ocular deviation with one eye located higher than the other

external ear

auricle, ear canal, and tympanic membrane

otodynia

pain in the ear

ear bones

malleus, incus, and the stapes

salpingitis

inflammation of the eustachian tube

stapedectomy

removal of the stapes from the middle ear and an insertion of a prosthesis

achromatopsia

condition of color blindness that is more common in men

astigmatism

defective curvature of the cornea and lens, resulting in distorted vision

cataract

opacity of the lens as a result of protein deposits on its surface that slowly builds up until vision is lost

conjunctivitis

inflammation of the conjunctiva that can be caused by bacteria, allergy, irration-- pinkeye

diabetic retinopathy

retinal damage marked by aneurismal dilation of blood vessels

esotrpoia

strabismus in which there is deviation of the visual axis of one eye toward the other eye results in diplopia; cross eye

exotropia

strabismus in which there is deviation of the visual axis of one eye away from that of the other, results in diplopia; wall eye

glaucoma

increased intraocular pressure caused by the failure of aqeous humor to drain, which results in atrophy of the optic nerve and blindness

hordeolum

small purulent inflammatory infection of a sebaceous gland in the eyelid; sty

mascular degeneration

breakdown of the tissues in the mascula resulting loss of central vision

photophobia

unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light; occurs in meningitis, inflammation of the eyes, measles, and rubella

retinal detachment

separation of the retina from the choroid

strabismus

muscular eye disorder in which the eyes turn from the normal position so that they deviate in different directions

acoustic neuroma

benign tumor that develops from eighth cranial nerve and grows within the auditory canals

anucusis

total deafness; complete hearing loss

conductive hearing loss

hearing loss due to an impairment of sound cuz of obstruction of the ear canal or damage to eardrums

menier disease

rare disorder of unknown etiology within the labyrinth of the inner ear that can lead to a progressive loss of hearing

otisis media

middle ear infection, usually a result of bacterial

otosclerosis

progressive deafness due to ossification in the bony labyrinth of the inner ear

prebysuis

impairment of hearing resulting from the aging process

tinnitus

ringing in the ear

vertigo

sensation of moving around in space; feeling of spinning or dizziness

tonometry

measuring intraocular pressure by determining the resistance of the eyeball to indention by an applied force- detect glaucoma

visual acuity test

standard test of visual acuity in which a person reads letter 20 feet away

audiometry

test that measures hearing acuity of various sound frequencies

otoscopy

visual examination of the ear using an otoscope

Rinne test

hearing acuity test that is performed with a vibrating tuning fork placed on the mastoid process

cataract surgery

excision of cataracts by surgical removal of the lens

corneal transplant

surgical transplanation of a donor cornea

extracapsular surgery

excision of most of the lens, followed by insertion of an intraocular lens transplant

iridectomy

excision of a portion of the iris

phacoemulsification

excision of the lens by ultrasonic vibrations that break the lens into tiny particles

cochlear implant

electronic transmitter that is surgically implanted into the cochlea deaf individual

myringoplasty

surgical repair of a perforated eardrum with a tissue graft

myringotomy

incision of the eardrum to relieve pressure and release pus or serous fluid from the middle ear or to insert tympanostomy tubes surgically in the eardrum

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