Chap 8 Dividing North America

32 terms by lmuggechs

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Spanish

were motivated to explore the coastline and interior of California b/c the English were exploring farther north

"Lost Colony"

in Roanoke, NC; the only clue to their disappearance was the word Croatoan carved into a tree

John Rolfe

introduced tobacco to Jamestown as a cash crop; married Pocohontas thereby removing the threat of Indian attack against Jamestown

Sir Walter Raleigh

funded the first attempted English colony in the New World

Samuel de Champlain

called the Father of New France because of his great love for the French frontier

English colonists

1)came under private investors, 2)brought their families to the New World, 3)most were Protestants

Hernando de Soto

a Spanish explorer that often enslaved Indians and stole their grain reserves

Canadian Pacific Railroad

opened western Canada to expansion and settlement

French territory

the New World territory that was home to 70,000 people; most French settlers lived in Eastern Canada

Quebec

the city that was fought over in the battle on the Plains on Abraham

France, England & Spain

during early settlement the greatest number of Europeans came to the New World from

Durham Report

suggested that Britain relax its control over Canada

beaver

the favored fur for hats in the New World

Cabeza de Vaca

Spanish explorer who saw Indians as human beings

South America

the majority of black slaves brought to the New World went to which continent

Puritans

Anglicans who disagreed with certain church practices; considered their settlement "a city that is set on a hill"

English colonies

valued education for their colonists so they would be able to read the Bible; offered the greatest religious freedom

Jamestown settlers

1)not prepared for hard work 2)believed the colony would be a paradise 3)struggled with disease & Indian attacks

Pilgrim settlers

1)had more freedom & order 2)legal system 3)less problem with Indians

William Bradford

wrote History of Plymouth Plantation

Pedro Menendez de Aviles

Spanish explorer that chased the French from their settlement and established Spanish dominance in Florida

Quebec Act

British act that protected the French way of life in Canada

Sir Thomas Dale

the governor of Jamestown who helped the colony improve after the "starving time winter"

British North America Act

granted Canada dominion status with self-rule in domestic affairs

St. Augustine, FL

oldest continuously inhabited city in the United States

John Smith

had to leave Jamestown after being injured in a gunpowder explosion

Eliza Pinckney

introduced indigo as a cash crop in the Carolinas

slavery

outlawed in all the Americas by 1888

scurvy

Jacques Cartier and his men suffered from this disease

Juan Ponce de Leon

explorer who named the land he discovered Pascua florida

Constitution

document that outlines the pattern of American government

French & Indian War

one outcome was that France lost Canada to england

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