Chapter 6: the Skeletal System part 3

41 terms by alcaraz_b

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The Appendicular Skeleton

Scapula

a large triangular bone on the side of the thorax; shoulder joint

Clavicle

A slender bone that connects the sternum to the scapula; collarbone

Humerus

The long bone of the proximal front limb; brachium

Antebrachium

The radius and ulna are the two bones of the forearm or distal front limb

Radius

The cranial bone of the front limb

Ulna

The caudal bone of the front limb

Olecranon

Form the point of the elbow; the proximal projection of the ulna

Carpal bones

Irregularly shaped bones in the area known as the "wrist" in people; in small animals (carpus), in large animals (knee)

Metacarpal

Bones found distal to the carpus

Splint bones

The vestigial metacarpal and metatarsal bones od a horse's leg

Cannon bones

The large metacarpal and metatarsal bones of the horse

Phalanges

The bones of the digits; one bone of the digit is called phalanx

Dewclaw

A toe that does not reach the ground (ex., first digit in dogs and cats and the rudimentary medial and lateral toes of cattle)

Ungulates

Animals with hooves

Fetlock joint

Joint between metacarpal (metatarsal) III and the digit

Appendicular skeleton

The bones of the limbs (appendages)

Pastern joint

The joint between the P1 and P2

Coffin joint

The joint between P2 and P3

Long patern bone

P1 in livestock

Short pastern bone

P2 in livestock

Coffin bone

P3 in livestck

Claw

P3 in nonhooved animals

Declaw

In cats, a surgical procedure to remove the claws; medical term is onychectomy

Sesamoid bones

Small nodular bones embedded in a tendon or joint capsule

Navicular bone

The distal sesamoid bone of a horse

Pelvis

The most proximal bony structure of the pelvis limb; also called the os coxae or hip

The pelvis consist of three pairs of bones. What are they?

Ilium, Ischium, and pubis

Ilium

The most cranial of the three pairs of bones that make up the pelvis

Ischium

The caudal of the three pairs of bones that make up the pelvis

Pubis

The smallest and most medial of the three pairs of bones that make up the pelvis

Acetabulum

the socket portion of the ball and socket hip joint

Femur

The proximal long bone of the rear leg; thigh bone

Condyles

A large, rounded articular (joint) surface (ex., the distal ends of the humerus and femur

Patella

A large sesamoid bone in the rear limb.

Stifle Joint

Joint that houses the patella

Tibia

The main weight-bearing bone of the lower leg

Fibula

A thin bone located besides the tibia in the lower leg region of the pelvic limb

Crus

THe area of the rear limb between the stifle and hock

Tarsal bones

Irregular shaped bones found in the area known as the "ankle" in people; in small animals (tarsus) and in large animals (hock)

Calcaneus

The long, lateral tarsal bone located in the proximal row of tarsal bones

Metatarsal

Bones found distal to the tarsus

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set