A government printed ballot of uniform size and shape to be cast in secret that was adopted by many states around 1890 in order to reduce the voting fraud associated with party printed ballots cast in public.
the responsibilities of a citizen
the alleged tendency of candidates to win more votes in an election because of the presence at the top of the ticket of a better-known candidate, such as the president
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
an exemption based on circumstances existing prior to the adoption of some policy noun Ex. used to enfranchise illiterate whites in US south after the Civil War
A process permitted in some states whereby voters may put proposed changes in the state constitution to a vote if sufficient signatures are obtained on petitions calling for such a referendum.
political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constitution
Mandatory Theory of Election
The idea that the winning candidate has mandate from the people to carry out his or her platforms and politics. Politicians like theory better than political scientists do
Motor Voter Act
Passed in 1993, this act went into effect for the 1996 election. It requires states to permit people to register to vote at the same time they apply for their driver's license.
(politics) the consequence of one popular candidate in an election drawing votes for other members of the same party noun Ex. "he counted on the coattails effect to win him the election"
electoral choices that are made on the basis of the voters' policy preferences and on the basis of where the candidates stand on policy issues
The belief that one's political participation really matters - that one's vote can actually make a difference
A test administered as a precondition for voting, often used to prevent African Americans from exercising their right to vote.
all the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue. The most common, but not the only, means of political participation in a democracy is voting.
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote
an issue about which the public is divided and rival candidates or political parties adopt different policy positions
voting for a candidate because you favor his or her ideas for handling issues
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
voting for a candidate because you like his or her past actions in office
An elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of that party's candidate is almost taken for granted.
a legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US constitution noun Ex. guaranteed to women by the 19th amendment; "American women got the vote in 1920"
an issue about which the public is united and rival candidates or political parties adopt similar positions in hopes that each will be thought to best represent those widely shared beliefs
a system adopted by the states that requires voters to register well in advance of Election Day
the practice of keeping blacks from voting in the southern states' primaries through arbitrary use of registration requirements and intimidation