Vet Asst. II - Final - Farm Animals

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stallion

intact male horse (mature)

gelding

castrated male horse

colt

immature male horse

mare

mature female horse

filly

immature female horse

foal

horse under the age of 1

horse (equine) gestation

11 months

bull

intact male cow

steer

castrated male cow

bull calf

immature male cow

heifer

female cow (until she has a calf)

cow

female cow (which has given birth)

cow (bovine) gestation

9 months

cow-calf (beef cattle) production

adult beef cattle are kept to raise calves for sale in other states

feedlot (beef cattle production system)

type of animal feeding operation (AFO) which is used for finishing (fattening) livestock (prior to slaughter.)

back grounding production (beef cattle)

growing calves to enter a feedlot at another location

Cows (are raised for)

for dairy and beef production

Grass Tetany (hypomagnesemia)

deficiency of magnesium

core equine vaccines

Tetanus, Eastern/Western Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE/WEE), West Nile Virus (WNV) and Rabies

Brucellosis

disease localized in the reproductive organs (causing abortion is bovines)

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, Mad Cow Disease)

disease of the brain transmitted via contaminated meat and bone meal

endoparasites (bovine)

lungworms, pin/threadworms, whipworm (roundworms), flukes, tapeworms, stomach worms (flatworms)

ectoparasites (bovine)

cattle grub (fly), mange mites, lice, horseflies, deerflies, stable flies, horn flies

culling

removing animals from a herd (that are not as productive or desirable as the others in the herd)

polled

naturally dehorned

branding

permanent ID; tattoo, ear tag,

dehorning

removal of horns before 2 month of age

Caslick (procedure)

surgically closing the upper part of the vulva

Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP)

an inherited disease of the muscle which is caused by a genetic defect (common in quarter horses)

Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage (EIPH, bleeders)

bleeding from blood vessels within the lung (pulmonary) (bleeding from the nose; epistaxis)

colic

not a disease, rather a group of symptoms in response to abdominal pain

Equine infectious anemia (EIA, swamp fever)

infectious viral disease that attacks the horse's immune system (closely related to HIV, checked by the Coggins test)

Tetanus (lockjaw)

infectious disease caused by contamination of wounds from bacteria (Clostridium tetani) that live in the soil (treated with antitoxin, vaccine available)

hoof (where is the hoof located)

it covers the distal phalanx of ungulates (hooved animals)

Equine Influenza (horse flu)

highly infectious viral infection of the upper respiratory tract (equine vaccine available)

Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM, equine infectious myeloitis)

a common neurologic disease caused by the ingestion of a protozoa (S neurona sporocysts) in contaminated feed or water (EPM)

pinworms

Infective worm eggs are ingested orally and travel to the colon. While in the colon, the larvae go through various stages and become sexually mature adults in five months. Female worms crawl out of the horse's rectum, lay eggs in the sticky substance around the horse's anus and then crawl back into the rectum.

oxytocin

milk letdown hormone (hormone that stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk "letdown" reflex)

progesterone

pregnancy hormone (hormone responsible for maintaining the uterus throughout pregnancy)

crotalaria, lantana (black cherry, pokeweed, chinaberry)

toxic plants

Bovine

cow

Equine

horse

Ovine

sheep

Caprine

goat

Ram

mature male sheep

Wether

castrated male sheep or goat

Ram-lamb

young male sheep

Ewe

mature female sheep

Ewe-lamb

young female sheep

Lamb

newborn sheep

Mutton

sheep used for meat

Buck

mature male goat

Billy

adult male goat

Doe (or Nanny)

mature female goat

Kid (aka buckling or doeling)

newborn goat

Boar

mature male pig

Barrow

castrated male pig (or young male pig)

Sow

mature female pig

Gilt

immature female pig

Piglet

newborn pig

Pig (Sow) gestation

115 days

goat (doe) (& sheep) gestation

150 days

Hog Cholera (Classic Swine Fever)

highly infectious virus disease of swine

Erysipelas (diamond skin disease)

acute streptococcus bacterial infection of the dermis (can infect a wide range of animals including; man, sheep, birds and pigs)

endoparasites (gastrointestinal worms of goat, sheep and pigs)

round worms, whipworms

ectoparasites (of goat, sheep and pigs)

flies, bots, lice, mange (mites), ticks

sheep (are a source of)

for fiber (wool) and meat

goats (are a source of)

for fiber (wool), diary and meat

pigs (are used for)

for food and leather

number one beef cattle state

texas

navicular bone (an important structure in relation to lameness and is involved with a significant disease process called Navicular Disease/Syndrome)

is a small bone in the foot of the horse (also known as the distal sesamoid bone)

number one pork state

north Carolina

Botulism

bacterial infection of the intestine, is a paralysis and can be fatal (caused by the ingestion of toxins, food poisoning, produced by the spore forming bacterium Clostridium botulinum which thrives in decaying plant and particularly animal tissue. Animals that can be affected are include cattle, sheep, horses, mink, and ferrets)

sheep (ewe) (& goat) gestation

150 days

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