Restoration and the 18th Century Honors English Test

44 terms by Mkeyjr 

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1660

the starting date of the restoration

Charles II

this king was restored to the thrown and so he reopened theatres that started the restoration

Locke

philosopher known as the father of empiricism for his scientific method take on basing your beliefs on reason and observation

tabula rasa

locke's description of the blank slate that the mind was blank and had to learn through reason

newton

the physicist whose work corresponded with deism by introducing the laws of science and the universe

deism

where god acted as a watchmaker who set the world into motion and let it run on its own, popular with the intellectuals of the restoration

virgil

the epic poet of the roman forerunners

horace

the gentle satirist of the roman times

juvenal

the harsh satirist of romans times

hagarth

the famous English satiric painter

Dryden

the famous comedic playwright who wrote marriage a la mode

marriage a la mode

dryden wrote this famous restoration comedic play

restoration comedy

the bawdy and sexual literature popular in the 18th century by Dryden and Congreve

Congreve

this famous comedic playwright wrote the mourning bride

the mourning bride

Congreve wrote this restoration comedy

nell gwyn

the first famous female actress

Augustan age

a time in literature when their was a restoration of order focused on human nature and imitation of the classics

Addison and steele

these two famous augustan age journalists wrote the tadler and the spectator

the tadler, the spectator

Addison and steele wrote these two journals

coffeehouses

a place where wits gathered and journalism thrived

swift

this English child living from 1667-1745 was born in Ireland where he worked for William temple in England and led the Irish resistance to English oppression under the title of the Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin

Lilliput

the first voyage in gullivers travels where the people were small, morally and physically and reflects a satire of the government

brobdingnag

the second voyage in gullivers travels where the people were physically and morally great

Laputa

the third voyage in gullivers travels where the people were impractical and theoretical intellectuals who lacked commonsense

Houyhnhms

the fourth voyage in gullivers travels where the people were ruled by horses in a stable society where the people where yahoos who lacked pity and individuality

Modest proposal

this juvenalian essay was written by smith that talked satirically about the benefits of cannibalism

stella

ester Johnson, she experienced much conjecture which formed her character as she acted as a intellectual accomplice to swift

pope

a short Roman catholic man who was stunted from potts disease and gained wealth from his indulgent father

parallelism

Phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other

antithesis

A balancing of two opposite or contrasting words, phrases, or clauses.

closed heroic couplets

two lines of rhyming iambic pentameter with a closing at the end of the second line

Rape of the Lock

Pope wrote this mock epic

Dunciad

a poem that attacked Pope's contemporaries

Johnson

this man lived from 1709-1784 where he lived an imprudent marriage and arrived to London with David Garrick, a future famous actor but had the first biography and dictionary

Life of Johnson, London Journals, Lives of the Poets

3 of the famous biographies that Johnson wrote

criticism

this must follow universal truth, must please but instruct, and provide no offence to immortality or religion

Vanity of Human Wishes

this famous Juvenalean poem is a quintessencial neoclassic that focuses on didacticism was written by Johnson

Boswell

the famous biographer of Johnson

Letter to Lord Chesterfield

this idiosyncratic piece ended the patronage system by Johnson

dictionary

this herculean endeavor was idiosyncratic and written by Johnson

The Rambler The Idler

the two periodicals written by Johnson

verbal

the irony where the words conveyed have the opposite meaning

dramatic

this irony is when the audience knows more than the characters

situational

the irony where the opposite of what you expect happens

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