IOLA Chapter 5 and 6 Test
About this set
jejkong639 on December 2, 2010
This is a flash card where PV 7th graders in Mrs.Salverson's science class can study for their IOLA test for chapter 5 and 6.
THIS IS BASED ON THE IOLA STUDY GUIDE.
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|sexual reproduction||a reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism, which differs from both parents|
|asexual reproduction||a reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent|
|heredity||the passing of traits from parents to offspring|
|gene||set of informations that control a trait; segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait|
|sexual reproduction||Is fertilization an example of asexual reproduction of sexual reproduction?|
|sex chromosomes||X and Y chromosomes are called _______|
|Gregor Mendel||a priest in the mid-nineteenth century who discovered the foundation of genetics by experimenting with pea plants|
|allele||different form of a gene|
|phenotype||an organism's physical appearance, or visible traits|
|dominant allele||one whose traits always show up in the organism when the allele is present|
|recessive allele||hidden whenever the dominant allele is present|
|codominance||a condition in which neither of two alleles of a gene is dominant or recessive|
|mutation||any change in a gene or chromosome|
|pedigree||chart of "family tree" that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait|
|carrier||half-colored, half-white in a pedigree; does not have the disease|
|male||the "square" in a pedigree|
|female||the "circle" in a pedigree|