The Greek & Latin Roots of English, Ch 1-2

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etymology

the study of the history and meaning of words

morphology

the study and description of forms (both forms in biology and forms in linguistics

philology

the love of learning and literature, as well as the study of human speech, esp. speech in/as literature and as a field of study that sheds light on cultural history

phonology

the science of speech, sounds and pronunciation

semantics

the study of meaning and the signs (words) that represent them

syntax

the way in which words are put together to form phrases, clauses and sentences

polyglot

a person who speaks many languages

linguistics

the study of language, including its history, form, and structure

orthography

correct spelling

lexicon

dictionary

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