inflammation of the middle ear
chronic progressive deafness caused by formation of spongy bone, esp around the oval window
inflammation of the mastoid
begning cystlike tumor which often contains infectious bacteria, can be found in middle ear or mastoid area
disorder of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear
Positions for Ear surgery
Supine, arms tucked at side
incisions through the ear canal
incisions behind the ear lobe
procedure for OM which hasnt responded to antibiotics, "tubes"
procedure to correct perforation of the tympanic membrane
removal of diseased bone of the mastoid
removal of the stapes and reestablishment of linkage between the incus and oval window
creation of passageway between the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity to establish drainage
repair of the septum
incision into sphenoid sinus for drainage
removal of a diseased portion of the middle turbinate, ethmoidal cells, and diseased tissue in the nasal fossa
removal of one vocal cord
excision of laryngeal structures above the true vocal cords, hyoid bone, epiglottis, and false cords
removal of one true vocal cord, one false vocal cord, the arytenoid, and half of the thyroid cartilage
all structures removed, larynx, hyoid bone, cricoid cartilage, and upper tracheal rings
definitive treatment for intractable snoring & obstructive sleep apnea
Used to view the External Auditory canal
Excision & resection of the septum to correct any deviation
What should be readily available in preparation for any ENT or head and neck procedure
Packing is used routinely post-op on ?
Procedure for sensorineural deafness
Bone conduction implant is A.K.A.
Removal of a polyp
sensation of moving around in space or of having objects move around you
Scala vestibule, scala tympani, organ of corti are all contained in what?
reduction of hearing
any procedure (5 types) performed to repair defects in tympanic membrane
Any small bone, especially one of the three small bones of the ear
Partial or Total Glossectomy
Cancer of the tongue requires what kind of procedure?
Passageway created in spenoid sinuses, incision made through intranasal or external
Passageway created into vestibule of labyrith & reestablishment of function of linkage between incus & inner ear
ringing sensation in ear
During parotidectomy, which structure must be identified?
Modified Radical Neck Dissection
En bloc removal of lymphatic chains and all non-vital structures to slow metastatic cancer
Enlargement of structure due to an increase in size of cell
Prepare for this in all ENT procedures in case of an emergency
Hearling loss caused by defect in the inner ear
Aids in hemostasis
Hemorrhage from nose
What position would an adult patient of a tonsillectomy be put in?
Prosthetic material used to re-establish a link between incus and oval window.
incision of tympanic membrane under direct vision
Stapedectomy, Tympanoplasty, Myringotomy
ENT procedures that routinely use microscope
Lymphoid tissue located in nasopharyngeal region of the pharynx
Found in the oropharyngeal region of pharynx
Composed of twin infoldings of mucous membrane stretched horizontally across the larynx: They vibrate, modulating the flow of air being expelled from the lungs during phonation
Musclocartilagenous structure at the top of the trachea that houses the true and false vocal cords
the passage to the stomach and lungs; in the front part of the neck below the chin and above the collarbone
Malleus, Incus, Stapes
Name ossicles of the middle ear from lateral to medial
Structure that seperates the outer and middle ear
Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, Laryngopharynx
3 sections of pharynx
footplate of stapes rests on the...
Location of Frontal sinuses
In frontal bone behind eyebrows
Scientific name for Adam's apple
7th cranial nerve
Facial nerve a.k.a.
Space between true vocal cords
Use of Nitrous oxide is retricted during reconstructive ear surgery because?
Causes expansion of middle ear & can cause dislocation of a tympanic membrane graft
Instrument used to backbite tissue for sinus procedure
Instrument used to incise nasal cartilage
Forceps to straighten septum
fixation of stapes
3 scroll like bones that project medially from lateral wall of nasal cavity
Jansen mastoid retractor
used for postauricular incisions to expose the mastoid area
used in myringotomy to grasp PE tubes
Buck ear curette
used primarily to remove cerumen
used to elevate periosteum and expose middle ear
Ear knife (sexton, bistoury)
Make incision into ear drum
provide visualization into ear canal
used to retract dermis and provide exposure of the nostril
Commonly used to open nostril to provide visualization
What fluid fills spaces of bony labyrinth
partially or totally remove lower jaw for cancer
only cartilage in upper aerodigestive tract to form complete circle
otoloical incision is between meatus and cochlear cartilage
What otorhinolaryngeal medicine should NEVER be injected?
Tonsils, adenoides, uvula portion of soft palate
What structures are removed during a UPPP?
Why is a UPPP performed?
Cellulose micro wipe
What is used to remove blood and debris from mico instruments?
instrument used to retract tonsil pillars
Most superior portion of pharynx
Rhinologic incision follows nostril flare
1st cranial nerve
Surgeon opens the bone and removes any infection. A tube may be placed in the eardrum to drain any pus or secretions present in the middle ear. Antibiotics are then given intravenously or by mouth.
Motified Radical Mastoidectomy
some middle ear bones are left in place and the eardrum is rebuilt