Daniels quizlet

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virus

A tiny nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces inside a living cell.

host

An organism that provide a source of energy or a suitable enviroment for a virus or another or organism to live.

parasite

An organism that lives on or in a host and causes harm to the host.

bacteriophage

A virus that infects the bacteria

bacteria

single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes

cytoplasm

the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the fluid, the cytoskeleton, and all of the organelles except the nucleus

ribosome

the process of breaking down food release its energy.

flagellum

long, whip-like structure that helps a cell to move

respiration

the process of braking down food to release its energy.

binary fission

a form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to form two identical cells

asexual reproduction

The reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent

sexual reproduction

A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism, which differs from both parents.

conjugation

the process in which a unicellular organism transfers some of its genetic material to another unicellular organism

endospore

A small, rounded, thick-walled, resting cell that forms inside a bacterial cell

pasteurazation

a process of heating food to a temperature that is high enough to kill most harmful bacteria without changing the taste of food

decomposer

an organism that breaks down chemicals from dead organisms and returns important materials to the soil and water

infectious disease

An illness that can pass from one organism to another

bacteria

single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes

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