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Common poisoning seen in birds

lead (mercury, zinc, rat poison, teflon...also toxic; Chocolate,Apple seeds, Avocado,Onions, Alcohol,Caffeine,Dried beans)

What do water birds eat

insects, spiders, tadpoles and small fish

What do garden birds eat

seeds, worms, plants, berries, nuts (meat, flower nectar, tree sap, buds of trees, shrubs and suet)

What do birds of prey eat

rodents, birds, rabbits, fish, insects, and snakes

IM injections are done where on birds

pectoral muscles (and thigh musculature, and less commonly along the vertebrae)

What are the differences in the reproduction system of birds

most female birds have one functional ovary (on the left). Males have a phallus instead of a penis (a rudimentary fold of tissue, they do have two testis)

two forms of Avian Pox

Moist (Cutaneous) and Wet

Avian Aspergillosis

soil fungus which causes respiratory disease in birds (mainly captive birds)

imprinting

socialization process where an individual animal learns to identify itself with a species

feather mites

bury into and feed on the feather quill

West Nile Virus

noncontagious CNS disease (virus that causes encephalitis, transmitted by mosquito bite to humans, birds, horses)

Ferret life span

5-8 years (12 max)

Ferret sexual maturity

4-8 months

Ferret gestation period

41-42 days

Adult male ferrets

hobs

Intact female ferrets

Jills

Spayed female ferrets

sprites

Juvenile ferrets

kits

ferrets are used for

hunting, research, pets

Ferret protein requirements

30-40%

Rabbit lifespan

5-7 years (15 max)

Rabbit sexual maturity

3-8 months

Rabbit gestation period

31-32 days

Adult male rabbit

buck

Female rabbit

doe

Neonate rabbits

kits

Rabbits raised for food

fryers

Rabbit (and chinchilla) skeletal difference

no fibula

malocclusion

abnormal contact between the upper and lower teeth (common in guinea pigs and rabbits)

kindling

parturition in rabbits (and can rebreed within 24hrs of parturition)

rabbits are used for

fur, food, research, pets

cannot vomit

rabbits, rats, chinchilla, Guinea pig

Guinea pig lifespan

5-7 years

Guinea Pig sexual maturity

45-70 days

Guinea Pig gestation

63-68 days

Guinea Pig cannot synthesize

vitamin c (they must receive vit c supplements)

guinea pigs cannot have this Rx

penicillin

Mouse lifespan

1-3 years

Mouse sexual maturity

35 days

Mouse gestation

19-21 days

Rat lifespan

2-4 years

Rat sexual maturity

37-67 days

Rat gestation

21-23 days

Gerbil lifespan

3-7 years

Gerbil sexual maturity

70-84 days

Gerbil gestation

24-26 days

Hamster lifespan

18-24 months

Hamster sexual maturity

45-75 days

Hamster gestation

15 days

Chinchilla lifespan

10-12 years (max 22yrs)

Chinchilla sexual maturity

3-4 months

Chinchilla gestation

110-138 days

Chinchilla bath

dust bath (or sand, Chinchillas do not bathe in water because the dense fur prevents air-drying, retaining moisture close to the skin, which can cause fungus growth or fur rot)

Hedgehog lifespan

4-7 years

Hedgehog gestation

35 days

Hedgehogs are a powerful form of

pest control

To unroll your hedgehog

gently bounce them on the palm of your hand

sugar glider lifespan

4-6 years

Sugar Glider gestation

15-17 days, 60-70 days in the pouch (the crawls into a mother's pouch for further development)

sugar glider new born

joey

sugar glider litter

1-2 joeys

most popular small mammal

hamster

gerbils are also called

desert rats (or sand rats)

research animals

rabbits and ferrets (rat, mouse, hamster, gerbil, & guinea pig)

time between each guinea pig pup

5 minutes

medication used for mites

Ivermectin (effective against most worms, not tapeworm, most mites and some lice)

ringworm

fungal infection (that dogs, cats, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, rodents, rabbits, and birds may get)

small mammal bedding

shredded (or shaved) pine (and cedar--Cedar should not be used with chinchillas, gerbils, and hamsters, as it can be toxic to them. Bedding should be nontoxic, inedible, dust free, soft, absorbent, and capable of being formed into nests or tunnels. )

Mammals

air-breathing animals (characterized by hair and/or fur, whose females are characterized by the possession of mammary glands, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in the brain)

Marsupials

mammals with a pouch to carry young (called the marsupium)

Avian (Aves)

birds (winged, bipedal, endothermic or warm-blooded, egg-laying, vertebrate animals)

rodents

mammals with continuously growing incisors (in the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing)

amphibians

cold-blooded (ectothermic) animals that change from a (juvenile) water-breathing form to an (adult) air-breathing form (or to a paedomorph that retains some juvenile characteristics)

Reptiles

cold blooded animals covered in scales (and/or scutes that lay shelled eggs.)

Reptile diet

Most are carnivores (but some are omnivores, insectivores or herbivores, depending on the species)

Reptile vivarium temperature

average d/n 86F/68F (varies between species, temperature should vary thru out the vivarium)

Birds are the only vertebrate animals to have

a keeled breastbone (keel or sternum) and fused collarbone (wishbone or furcula)

turtle cages should measure

5x the length of the animal

Metabolic Bone Disease

(in most reptiles) improper calcium to phophorus ratio, vit D deficiency (In cows it's a vitamin B deficiency caused by inadequate intake of meats or fish)

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