Constantine's most enduring reform came in the creation of:
the "new Rome"
The Edict of Milan
was Constantine's document officially tolerating the existence of Christianity
The Council of Cicaea in 325
defined Christ as being "of the same substance" as God
The heresy of Arianism
Questioned the divinity of Jesus
The withdrawal of Roman armies from Britain enabled
Angles and Saxons, Germanic tribes from Denmark and Germany, to invade and to establish new kingdoms on the isle
Augustine did all of the following except:
Translate Scripture into the Latin Vulgate
Saint Jerome is known for all the following except:
His final return to pagan heresy and rejection of key christian doctrines
the basic rule for western monastic living was developed by:
Justinian's most important contribution to western Civilization was his
codification of the law
Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medinaa in 622 is known as the
Which of the following would not be a similarity between Christianity and Islam?
Both Muhammad and Jesus considerd themselves to be divine
The Successors to Muhammad's leadership of the Muslims were known as
Muslim societies abide by a strict code of l, much of it derived from the holy book Koran and regulating all aspects of muslim life. the law code is called:
The Persecutions against European Jews in the High Middle Ages were
Frequently inspired by Christian crusades
By the 13th century, a previous acceptance of homosexuality by church and society had been replaced by Christian persecution of homosexuals due to all of the following except:
papal decrees which had harshly condemned the lifestyle since the early Middle Ages and had overtly tried to stamp it out for centuries
The Islamic World in the mid 11th century was largely unified and dominated by the
Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095
Promised remissions of sins for joining the crusades to recapture the Holy Land
After Capturing the city of Jerusalem in 1099, the Christian soldiers of the First Crusade
massacred many of the men, women and children in the captured city and created several Christian crusader states with feudal institutions
All of the following were aspects of the Fourth Crusade except
the restoration of the Byzantine Empire as a great Mediterranean power
What is not a result of the crusades?
the growth in power of the Middle Eastern crusader states
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