chapter 14 &15: great depression and new deal

85 terms by sravya_vatsavai 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Two term governor of New York and distant cousin of Theodore Roosevelt

New Deal

Roosevelt's campaign promises/policies

Hundred Days

A period where Roosevelt lauched a bunch of policies

Fireside chats

Radio talks about issues of public concern

Emergency Banking Act

Authorized the treasury department to inspect the country's banks

Glass-Stegall Act

Est. The federal deposit insurance corporation (FDIC)

Federal Securities Act

Required corporations to provide complete information on all stock offerings and made them liable for any misrepresentations

Agriculture Adjustment Act

Sought to raise crop prices by lowering production, which the government achieved by paying farmers to leave a certain amount of every acre of land unseeded

Civilian conservation corps

Put young men aged 18-25 to work building roads, developing parks, planting trees, and helping in soil-erosin and flood-control projects

National industrial recovery act

Provided money to states to create jobs chiefly in the construction of schools and other community buildings

Public works administration

Part of the NIRA; created joba for millions of unemployed people and hired out of work artists

Deficit spending

Spending more money than the government receives in revenue

Federal housing administration

Helped people pay their mortgages and house repairs with loans

Huey long

Senator of Louisiana; challenged new deal; share our wealth

Francis Townsend

Physician; devised pension plan for the elderly

Father Charles Coughlin

Radio broadcast sermons; Roman Catholic priest

Eleanor Roosevelt

Social reformer who combined her humanitarian and political skills to aid her husband

Supreme court packing

FDR wanted to reorganize the federal judiciary and appoint 6 new supreme court justices

Frances Perkins

First woman appointed cabinet member

Dorthea Lange

Photographer hired to take pictures to create a record of the difficult situation in rural America

Second new deal

The second new deal included new programs to extend federal aid and stimulate the nations economy

Works progress administration

Created millions of jobs for the unemployed

Harry Hopkins

Head of the works progress administration; former cheif of the federal emergency relief administration

National Youth Administration

Provide jobs for young people

Wagner Act

(National Labor Relations Act) gave labor unions the right to organize and represent workers in collective bargaining

Fair Labor Standards Act

Set max hours, maximum wage, and abolished child labor

Social security act

Created federal system of old age pensions, and assistance for orphans and the disabled. Also set up an unemployment insurance system (frances perkins)

Mary McLeod Bethune

An educator who dedicated herself to promoting opportunities for young African Americans; hired by the president to head the division of negro affairs of the national youth administration

John Collier

Commissioner of indian affairs

Indian reorganization act

Allowed tribes to govern themselves

New Deal Coalition

An alignment of diverse groups dedicated to supporting the democratic party; as a result, democrats dominated national politics in the 1930s & 1940s

John L Lewis

Formed committee for industrial organizations to organize industrial unions

Congress of industrial organizations

The former committee for industrial organization

Gone with the wind

Famous film that provided an escape from the depression

Orson wells

Actor, director, producer, and writer who created one of the most reowned radio broadcasts, "the war of the worlds"

Grant wood

American painter- American gothic: painting

Richard Wright

African American author; novel: native son

The grapes of wrath

Reveals lives of Oklahomans who left the dust bowl

Federal deposit insurance corporation and the securities and exchange commission

Regulate banking and investment activities

National labor relations board

Created under the wagner act, continues to act as a mediator in labor disputes between unions and employers

Parity

A price intended to keep farmers income steady

Tennessee valley authority

Harnessed water power to generate electricity and to prevent floods in the Tennessee valley

Bank holiday

Roosevelt closed all banks

Harold ickes

U.S. Secretary of the interior; responsible for implementing much of Roosevelt's new deal

Farm board

Help farmers stabilize prices by holding surplus grain and cotton in storage

John Maynard Keynes

Keynesian economics; informed economic policies of governments

Marian Anderson

African American singer

Individualism

Favoring freedom of action for individuals over collection or state control

Codes of fair competition

To limit competition and foster a spirit of teamwork among industry rivals

Demagogues

A political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires or prejudices rather than using rational argument

Political right

Political positions or activities that accept or support social hierarchy or social inequality

Sit down strikes

Strikes where workers sit at their stations, so they cant be replaced with scabs

Political left

Accept or support social equality

20th Amendment

Moved president and vice president terms to march 4-jan 20 and members of congress from march 4-jan 3

Recession of 1937

Economic downturn during the Great Depression

Price supports

Government would buy surplus crops at guaranteed prices and sell them on the world market

Credit

Consumers agreed to buy now and pay later for purchases

Alfred E. Smith

Ran against Herbert Hoover

Dow Jones industrial average

Most widely used barometer of the stock market's health

Speculation

People bought stocks/bonds to get a profit and ignoring the risks

Buying on margin

Paying a small percentage of a stock price as a down payment and borrowing the rest

Black Tuesday

The bottom fell out of the market (oct. 29)

Great Depression

1920-1940 when the economy fell and unemployment rose

Hawley-Smoot tariff act

Established the highest protective tariff in the U.S.

Shanty towns

Little towns consisting of shacks

Soup Kitchens

Offering free or low cost food

Bread lines

Lines of people waiting to get food from charitable organizations

Dust Bowl

Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado-the region that was hit the hardest

Direct Belief

Cash payments or fod provided by the government to the poor

Boulder Dam

Provided electricity, flood control, and fresh water to C.A.

Federal Home Loan Bank Act

Lowered mortgages for homeowners, allowed farmers to refinance their farm loans

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

Authorized up to $2 billion for emergency financing for all banks, life insurance companies, railroads, and other large businesses

Bonus Army

WW1 verterens and their families

Consumer spending

Consumer demand or consumption

Income Distribution

How a nations total GDP is distributed amongst its population

Herbert Hoover

31st president of the United states

Bank failures

Occurs when unable to meet its obligations to its depositors

Hoovervilles

popular name for shanty towns

Hoover flags

Pockets that have been turned inside out to signify the lack of money

Hoover Blankets

Newspapers that people used as blankets

Okies

Native of Oklahoma

John Steinback

writer; won nobel prize for literature; grapes of wrath

Grapes of wrath

By john Steinback, set in the great depression

"Depression mentality"

Self imposed deprivation; negative outlook

A phillip randolph

Brotherhood of the sleeping porter cars

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set