What 4 Elements created Western Civ during the Middle Ages?
1. Ancient Greco-Roman Culture
2.Newer Germanic Traditions
3. Developed Christian Religion
4.The Imperial Church
First Christian Emperor, est. "new rome"/Constantiople, perm division of the empire, eliminated christian persecution
What are 3 things about the Dark Ages?
1. Period of material decline and spiritual wealth
2. Period of thriving monasticism and scholarship
3. Roman Catholic Church emerged as the major custodian of Western Culture
The Byzantine Empire:
1. Reached it's peak under Justinean
2.Eastern form of Christianity became Eastern Orthodox Church
What city is the Center of Islam?
What is the first Pilliar of Islam?
Declaration of Faith
What is the Second Pillar of Islam?
Ritual Prayer 5 times a day
What is the Third Pillar of Islam?
Giving to Charity
What is the Fourth Pillar of Islam?
What is the Fifth Pillar of Islam?
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Who started the First Crusade under the order of Alexis?
Pope Urban II
What were three motives to the Crusade?
Rescue Jerusalem, Aid Christians in the East, Unite Greek and Latin Churches under Rome
Who was the first ruler of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem?
Godfrey of Lorraine
What was the Greco-Roman approach to Education?
the study of lit, philosophy, and the arts became the standard model throughout the middle ages and remaining at the heart of Western Civ even to the present
Who conqurered Rome in 6th century BC?
Who was in the First Triumvirates?
Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar
Who was in the Second Triumvirates?
Octavian, Mark Antony, and Lepidus
Who was the First emperor after the republic died?
Octavian, takes name Augustus Caesar
What did Augustus establish?
Pax Romana, maintained appearence of republic but little power in senate, Army became professional
What are the major reasons of the Fall of Rome?
Barbarian invasions, falling tax revenue, slave revolts, general unraveling of the social order of room, armed forces stretched too thin
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