Chapter 9: Physical & Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood

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Psychology 14: Child Development

What does your text suggest is the most significant physical development of middle childhood?

improvement in fine motor coordination that makes it possible to write, play a musical instrument, paint, and draw

What two areas of the brain undergo major growth spurts during middle childhood?

Sensory and motor areas and the frontal lobes of the cerebral cortex

Of the following abilities, what would be particularly important to a basketball player?

Spatial cognition

Researchers estimate that about 85% of bike-related head injuries could be prevented by

requiring children to wear helmets while riding bicycles

What are the implications for a child whose BMI-for-age falls in the 90th percentile?

They are at risk for becoming overweight

Between the ages of 6 and 12, children add roughly how many words per year to their vocabulary?

5,000-10,000

Concrete operations permit children to understand

Relations among objects

A child who understands conservation of mass or volume would, of necessity, also understand which of the following?

Reversibility

What is an example of a child's use of inductive logic?

Imani's teacher was kind on the first day of class. From that he assumed that she is probably a nice person.

If Doreen understands class inclusion, then she understands

that dogs are mammals and that mammals are animals

According to the author of the text, what is a statement that represents the key contrast between Piaget's and Siegler's views on children's cognitive development?

Age versus experience

When the teacher asked, "How many inches are there in 1 mile?" Carmen answered without having to pause to compute the number of inches in a foot. Carmen's skill is an example of which cognitive ability?

Automaticity

To help himself remember the colors of the visible spectrum, Cam said, "ROY G BIV" representing a color for each letter. What method is he using to assist him with remembering the colors?

Mnemonics

Regarding the use of scanning and systematic searching, what are statements would be representative of a 3 - 4 year old.

-They would be able to choose a specific toy from their toy box
-They would be able to look for their cereal on the shelf
-They would be able to choose their favorite color of crayon from the box

What term applies to those school children who are non-English-speaking, whether immigrant or native-born?

Limited English proficient

When I.Q. tests are developed, the scores are determined by comparing individual students' scores to an overall average attained by giving the same test to large numbers of similar individuals. This process describes

Standardization

Who is the theorist who proposed the idea of multiple intelligences?

Howard Gardner

What term describes the " ability to use language effectively?

Linguistic intelligence

Sternberg's theory proposes three components of intelligence. What are they?

Contextual, experiential and componential

Emotional intelligence has three components: awareness of personal emotions, appropriate emotional expression and

The ability to channel emotions into the pursuit of worthwhile goals.

Describe a distinguishing characteristic of culture-fair tests?

They minimize the impact of verbal knowledge

When a child is focusing on the "big picture" rather than focusing on details, which style of learning is the child using?

Relational

A child who has difficulty mastering specific academic skills such as reading, but who has normal intelligence and no physical or sensory handicaps, might be categorized as having which of the following?

Learning disability

A child who has academic and behavioral problems in school because he or she is more physically active and/or less attentive than peers may be classified as having which of the following?

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

What type of intelligence allows one to develop good social skills?

Interpersonal

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