French Estates General
Was made up of three estates: The Clergy made up the 1st, the nobles were the 2nd and the rest of the French population made up the third. However the 1st and 2nd estates only had 3% of the population which caused problems when the major decisions were made and the 97% population were outvoted.
King Louis XVI famous economic advisor, often dismissed, he might have delayed the Revolution had his advice been heeded
The Tennis Court Oath
A promise made by the members of the National Assembly to stay together until they had written a constitution for France
This was legislative branch of the government; it proclaimed an end to the absolute monarchy and the start of a representative government
Cahiers de Doléances
statements of local grievances drafted throughout France during the elections to the Estates-General, advocating a regular constitutional government abolishing fiscal privileges of the church and nobility
an uprising of the people that led to the end of the French monarchy and the beheading of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette
Vote by Head vs. Vote by Order
"Vote by order" was when each estate received only one vote. (1st and 2nd Estates wanted that) "vote by head" was when every representative got a vote. (The third estate supported this)
Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI
King and Queen of France in the beginning of the French Revolution. Marie Antoinette was from Austria and spent a lot of money and didn't really care about her people, King Louis XVI was a terrible ruler who couldn't make decisions.
The home of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, later in 1789, 7,000 women marched to the palace to demand more bread from the king and queen. The monarch was forced out of the palace and had to move to Paris so he could be watched b the people.
July 14th 1789
A large number of common folk such as small shop keepers, trades people, and artisans marched to Bastille to get weapons. The troops in Bastille fired into the crowd killing 98 people and injuring many, after that the crowd stormed the fortress releasing 7 prisoners and killing several troops as well as the governor.
Medieval fortress that was converted to a prison stormed by peasants for ammunition during the early stages of the French Revolution.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
adopted on August 26 by the National Assembly, it is the ideological foundation and an educational device for the nation, a charter of basic liberties reflecting the ideas of the major philosophes of the French Enlightenment. Reflective of the American Declaration of Independence and constitutions. Equal rights for all men (however, excluded women).
educated, middle class of France; provided force behind the Revolution
The laboring French poor, , urban workers "those without knee breeches"
Cle, The first class of French society made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.
Everyone else including: Wealthy merchants, lawyers, bankers, artisans, shop keepers, wage earners, peasants.
Reign of Terror
This was the period in France where Robespierre ruled and used revolutionary terror to solidify the home front. He tried rebels and they were all judged severely and most were executed 1793-94
Maximilien de Robespierre
was on the Committee of Public safety he executed anyone suspected of being against the revolution
Republic formed, there is no king and only males can vote.
Olympe de Gouges
Composed the Declaration of the Rights of Woman. Stating that women should have the same rights as men and should be seen equal. She claimed that revolution would not be completely until women can be part of it.
In December of 1789 this was a paper currency issued by the Constituent Assembly which had confiscated church property and issued this paper money based on this land. Initially could just by land with it though later it was used as a general currency. Supposed to help ease the difficulties of peasants but all sorts of problems with it - over issued plus easily forged.
Were the aristocrats that left France when it was clear that the social and political order would not be restored in their favor.
Declaration of Pillnitz (August 27, 1791)
Was the promise by the Emperor of Austria to intervene in France and protect the royal family.
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
Were a group of the Jacobins who assumed the leadership of the Assembly and were determined to oppose the counterrevolution. April 20, 1792 they led the Legislative Assembly to declare war on Austria.