A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.(indo-european)
a smaller group of related languages within a language family(romance,germanic)
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.(individual languages-english,spanish,ect)
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
Societies with out a written language
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
collapsing of two language into one.
new languages are formed when a language breaks into dialects
Replacement of languages by a stronger language
Tracing language change
process by which an extinct language is recreated
hypothesized ancestral language of Proto-Indo-European, as well as other ancestral language families.
of or pertaining to American Indians or their culture or languages
eskimo- aleut language
the the theory which states that with increased food supply and increased population, speakers from the hearth of Indo-European languages migrated into Europe
the theory that early Proto-Indo-European speakers spread westward on horseback, overpowering earlier inhabitants and beginning the diffusion and differentiation of Indo-European tounges
The study of place names
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
countries in which only one language is spoken
countries in which more than one language is spoken
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
a simplified form of speech from combining different languages
a mother tongue that originates from contact between two languages
A made-up Latin-based language, which its European proponents in the early twentieth century hoped would become a global language.
the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races
A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race.
A society composed of numerous ethnic groups.
small rural area that has one settled ethnic group there
a culturally shared trait that gives an ethnic group a strengthened sense of awareness and self-identity
process that works against globalization, revitalizing cultural ties and promoting distinction.
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