the reiterating of a word or phrase within a poem
a direct or explicit comparison between two usually unrelated things.
an implied comparison between two usually unrelated things indicating a likeness or analogy between attributes found in both things
the giving of human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas, or animals
the technique of mentioning a part of something to represent the whole
the substitution of a word naming an object for another word closely associated with it.
exaggeration for the sake of emphasis and is not to be taken literally
understatement and is achieved by saying the opposite of what one means or by making an affirmation by stating the fact in the negative
balancing or contrasting of one term against another
the addressing of someone or something, usually not present, as though present.