The Systematic and scientific study of social groups and human behavior in its social context.
Emile Durkheim offered the following description: "manners of acting, thinking, and feeling external to the individual, which are invested with coercive power by virtue of which they exercise control over [individuals}." This concept is
The SOciological imagination distinguishes between _____________, which are individual difficulties, and _________, which affect large numbers of people and indicate a difficulty in the organization of society.
Max Weber used the German word verstehen to describe
how sociologists should approach the study of social life
Select the statement below that is not one of the five elements central to sociological mindfulness
A. Attention to language and Culture
B. Attention to social structures
C. trying to remain value free
D. The influence of the past on the present.
True/False: Emile Durkheim believed the differences in suicide rates of different groups (such as protestants/catholics, married/unmarried) had a common source in the groups' levels of social integration.
Sociologists favor treating social problems as issues, rather than troubles, because they believe this approach...
has the potentional to correct the structural conditions that continually poroduce individuals with the problem.
True or False: Joel Charon believes that if sociologists and others do good work, social problems will be solved.
Sociologists believe that social problems are caused by
A. Evil people
B. The poor choices of individuals
C. Both of These
D. None of these.
The quyestions from the final in this class will come from
Questions already used on the weekly quizzes.
The Statement that best describes the findings of Solomon Asch's experiments is
Conformity is greatest when a subject confronts a unanimous challenge to his perceptions.
The western cultural tradition handed down to modern times by the likes of Thomas Aquinas and Aristotle separates reason and emotion, intellect and intuiting. This tradition is known as the ________ dichotomy.
The fundamental attribution error is the
tendency to assume individual explanations for phenomena, ignoring the impact of social context or social forces.
True or False: Hesse-Biber believes that explanations of eating disorders that focus on psychosexual development, biological causes, or family dynamics often do nothing more than "blame the victim"
A sociologist using this sociological perspectives (or paradigm) would likely argue that prostitution must fill some societal need because it has persisted for hundred of years.
Conflict theories argue that war:
Is waged by the ;least powerful in society for the benefit of the most powerful.
For women deeply embedded in the cult of thinness, self-worth is determined not just by their low weight but also by their ability to:
Diet books and programs cast food and eating behaviors in language associated with
Good and evil
True or false: Hesse-Biber believes that dismantling the cult of thinness will require, among other things, women working to redefine femininity.
The television program that is in 12,000 American schools and that includes ads for junk food that students are required to view is.
One of the two substances that Earl Butz helped bring to the US in an effort to lower overall food prices was ____________
The physical artifacts of a society are its:
Informal norms that may be violated without serious consequences are
True or False: Norms form the basis for values
False, Norms form the basis for values.
In 1998 the federal government changed the threshhold BMI for an adult to be considered overweight from:
27 to 25
Name and briefly describe one social change in American Life in the 1980s that contributed to the obesity problem.
Women's Liberation- less home cooked meals more fast food
Crister argues that church leaders contributed to the obesity problem because they
were unwilling to criticize gluttony and risk alienating overweight parishoners.
When Public schools faced budget cuts they made it difficult for them to maintain cafeteria operations they
Contracted fast food corporations
Clothing Manufacturers responded to increases in size of the average american by
Retooling sizes, creating new brands, advertising its fashionalbe to be big.
The rap star Big Pun is important to Crister because he represents
How Media outlets and the music industry glorified fatness
Dr. joel best says social problems are
In Marx's theory of value the difference between the amount you can sell a product for and the cost of the commodities and labor needed to produce it equals ________ value
The cultivation and growth of a single crop on agricultural land is: _________
Industrial grade corn that epitomoizes corn's transformation from food to commodity because what matters is quantity not unique qualities is
Number 2 field corn.
What the Haber-Bosch process brought to agriculture was
Synthetic nitrogen for fertilizer
True or False: In the industrial food system a steer is raised from birth to slaughter weight in just over two years (24 Months)
false, it's closer to 15.
F-1 hybrids are important to industrial agriculture because
Their offspring produce drastically reduced crop yields, making their seeds worthless.
Michael Pollan argues that industrial processes make food out of _________ while in traditional agriculture food is made from _______
Fossil Fuel/Solar Energy? I'm not sure on this one.
The study of the interrelationships between political and economic processes is:
In its original incarnation the New Deal farm program
Provided loans to farmers
When cattle have been trained to eat corn from a trough they are said to be
Alienation occurs when workers
Do not have control of the products of their labors.
The food industry is composed of companies that produce, process, manufacture and sell
food, beverages, and dietary supplements
In the language of the industrial food system, food that is processed so that a collection of cheap ingredients can be sold at a higher price is:
When people in society become better off, they often abandon plant based diets in favor of more meat, fat, and processed foods. The phenomenon is known as the:
The percentage of their income americans spend on food is
Less than 10%
According to Dr. Marian Nestle, the marketing imperatives of the food industry are taste, cost, convenience, and....
The ESDA was created in 1862 with two functions. One was to ensure a safe and reliable food supply, and the other was ultimately understood as the task of
Providing nutritional advice to the American people
In 1967, additional encouragement for Americans to eat more developed when CBS aired a documentary entitled
Hunger in America
True or False: One thing our examination of trade associations proved was that the more trade associations a food sector has, the more it has to influence food policy.
Since the early 1990s food companies have treated governmental nutritional advice not only as something they can influence through lobbying but also something that
they can use to market and promote their products
When representatives of the food industry lobby the USDA about nutrition advice their primary concern is that the advice
does not advice Americans to eat less.
The contemporary condition in the US where there is an overabundance of food and the result is sharp disparities in the diet and health of rich and poor people is known as:
Paradox of plenty
Activities designed to influence government such as communicating with officials or their representatives about policies of interest to one's group constiute ________________
In april 1991 USDA secretary Edward Madigan blocked the public release if the Eating Right pyramid on the grounds that it:
Was confusing to children
With the pyramid design the Health Nutrition Information service of the USDA was trying to convey that good nutrition involved moderation, proportionality and:
When government officials asked an outside agency, Bell Association, to evaluate the intelligibility of the Eating Right pyramid against other designs the main competing design was a:
During the period from the end of WWII to the early 1970s people who knew agricultural politics spoke of the "Agricultural Establishment" In doing so they primarily referred to:
The unified power and common purpose of food producers and USDA officials that virtually ensured that federal food policies would reflect the interests of producers
One of the three groups that became vocal in the mid-1970s and demanded that their interests be addressed in agriculture policy was: ___________
The :revolving Door" refers to:
The practice of individuals moving back and forth between government (often regulatory) posts and jobs in the industries being regulated.
True or False: In the 1990s more agribusiness PAC money went to Republicans than Democrats
Does not have to be reported, is that money which goes to state or national political organizations, and can come from any source.
The significance of the Mike Espy case is that, when all the legal procedures had concluded, a precedence had been set that
Any gift a lobbyist made to a regulatory official was legal, so long as it was not an outright bribe.