Involve complaints of physical symptoms that closely mimic authentic medical conditions. Although no actual physiological basis exists for the complaints, the symptoms are not considered voluntary or under conscious control. The patient believes the symptoms are real and indications of a physical disorder.
Recurrent, multiple physical complaints with no known physicl basis. Diagnostic criteria include: 4 pain symptoms in different locations, two gastrointestinal symptoms, one pseudoneurological symptom, and one sexual symptom.
Undifferentiated Somoatoform Disorder
One or more physical complaints over a durations of six months or more; residual category for somatization disorder.
Loss or disturbance of physical functioning resembling a physical disorder with psychological factors that involved in either: initiating or exacerbating the symptoms, allowing individual to avoid aversive activity, or receiving reinforcement for sick behavior.
Preoccupation with pain but no organic basis found or complaint in excess of what would be expected from physical findings. Notice of pain is exaggerated in the presence of certain (often depressed) feelings.
Preoccupation with bodily function and disease. Belief in nonexistent physical problems despite medical reassurance to the contrary. Overreact to ordinary physical occurances and more likely to attribute physical symptoms to illness.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Preoccupation with imagined or exaggerated defects in appearance. Overconcern with slight defects if they exist. May not be considered a disorder on its own but rather a symptom of: OCD, eating disorder, or delusional disorder.
Pretending to have symptoms in order to achieve some external gain--overexpression of sickness.
Feigning a condition in order to assume the sick role.
Inability to recall important personal information that usually follows a stressful episode. Information is not permanently lost.
Extensive memory loss that occurs after a severely stressful event. Person moves away from home, assumes new identity.
Alteration of a person's self-experience, sudden loss of sense of self, and unusual sensory experiences associated with stress.
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
The presence of two or more different identities that alternate, each having its own memories, attitudes, and perceptions. Gaps in memory and inability to recall important personal information. 9x more frequent in women. onset: childhood - adolescence.
The sense of ourselves as being either male or female.
Preference we have for the sex of a partner.
Gender Identity Disorder
Cross-gender identification. Discomfort with the sense of inappropriateness in gender role of biological sex. In children, disgust with genitals or gender norms. In adults, preoccupation with ridding onesself of primary/secondary sex characteristics and belief that he/she was born in the wrong body.
Sex-change operations performed to change the anatomy of individual to other gender. Male-to-female most common.
Sexual attraction to unusual objects or unusual sexual activities that must endure for at least 6 months and cause significant distress or impairment (although this criterion is arguable).
Sexual fantasies, urges, or behaviors involving the use of non-living objects. Classical conditioning to an object as sexual and perception of nonconventional object as erotic, arousal is distorted.
Arousal from cross-dressing in heterosexual males (not to be confused with drag queens or female impersonators). Sexual arousal, relaxation, role playing, and adornment from cross-dressing.
Exposure of one's genitals to unsuspecting stranger. Acted on or distressed by urges.
Rubbing against a non-consenting person. Acted on or urges cause distress.
Sexual gratification by watching others in a state of undress or having sexual relations and element of risk key for arousal. Acted on or urges cause distress.
Arousal from being humiliated, beaten, bound, or otherwise made to suffer.
Gratification from subjecting others to physical or psychological suffering (including humiliation) of victim.
Deriving sexual gratification from physical/sexual contact with children (generally age 13 or younger). Can be a hetero- or homo- sexual. At least 16 years old and at least 5 years older than the child. Acted on or urges cause distress.
Desire to induce in onesself a state of oxygen deficiency in order to create sexual arousal or to enhance excitement & orgasm.
Three people having sex together.
Desire to damage or soil a woman or her clothes.
Deriving sexual satisfaction from contact with feces.
Sexual satisfaction from contact with urine.
Sexual contact with a dead person.
Bestiality; sexual contact with an animal.
Beginning of sexual arousal. Variety of bodily changes in anticipation of sexual interaction.
Increased physical arousal (degree may fluctuate). Muscles in vaginal walls, uterus, and around penis contract.
Shortest phase. Blood pressure and heart rate reach their peak.
Arousal subsides and sexual tension is released.
Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Deficient/absent sexual fantasies and desire.
Sexual Aversion Disorder
Extreme aversion to, and avoidance of, all (or almost all) genital sexual contact with a sexual partner.
Male Sexual Arousal Disorder. Inability to attain or maintain until completion of sexual activity a satisfactory erection.
Female sexual Arousal Disorder
Inability to attain, or maintain until completion of sexual activity, adequate lubrication-swelling response of sexual excitement.
Ejaculation with minimal sexual stimulation before, on, or shortly after penetration and before person wishes it.
Male Orgasmic Disorder
Delay in, or absence of, orgasm following a normal sexual excitement phase during sexual activity.
Female Orgasmic Disorder
Delay in, or absence of, orgasm following a normal sexual excitement phase.
Genital pain associated with sexual intercourse in either male or female.
Involuntary spasm of musculature of outer third of vagina that interferes with sexual intercourse.