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VOCABULARY

ABSCESS

localized collection of pus that will result in the disintegration of tissue over time.

ADRENAL

glands, located at the top of the kidneys, that produce steroid hormones.

ANTERIOR SEGMENT

those parts of the eye in the front of and including the lens, orbit, extraocular muscles, and eyelid.

ANTROTOMY

cutting threw the antrum wall to make an opening in the sinus.

APICECTOMY

excision of a portion of the temporal bone.

ASPIRATION

use of a neddle and a syringe to with-draw fluid

ANTIGMATISM

condition in which the refractive surfaces of the eye are unequal

AUDI

prefix meaning hearing

AUR

prefix meaning ear

AURAL ATRESIA

congenital absence of the external auditory canal

AUTOGENOUS,AUTOLOGOUS

from oneself

AXILLARY NODES

lymph nodes located in the armpit

BLEPHAR(O)

prefix meaning eyelid

CANNULATION

insertion of a tube into a duct or cavity

CATARACT

opaque covering on or in the lens

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

brain and spinal cord

CLOQUETS NODE

also called a gland;it is the highest of the deep groin lymph nodes

CONJUNCTIVA

the lining of the eyelids and the covering of the sclera

CONTRALATERAL

the opposite side

COR/O

prefix meaning pupil

CRANIUM

the part of the skeleton that encloses the brain

CYCL/O

prefix meaning ciliary body or eye muscle

DACRY/O

prefix meaning tear or tear duct

DACRYOCYST/O

prefix meaning pertaining to the lacrimal sac

EAR, PARTS OF THE EXTERNAL

auricle, pinna, ecternal acoustic, and meatus

EAR, PARTS OF THE INNER

vestibule, semicircular canals and cochlea

EAR, PARTS OF THE MIDDLE

malleus, incus, and stapes

ENUCLEATION

removal of an organ or organs from a body cavity.

EXENTERATION

removal of an organ all in one piece

EXOSTOSIS

bony growth

FENSESTRATION

creation in a new opening in the inner wall of the middle ear.

INGUINOFEMORAL

referring to the groin and the thigh

ISTHMUS

connection of two regions of structures

ISTHMUS THYROID

tissue conncetion between right and left thyroid lobes

ISTHMUSECTOMY

surgical removal of the isthmus

JUGULAR NODES

lymph nodes located next to the large vein in the neck

KERATO/O

prefix meaning cornea

KERATOPLASTY

surgical repair of the cornea

LABYRINTH

inner connecting cavities, such as the interna ear

LAMINECTOMY

surgical excision of the lamina

LYMPH NODE

station along the lymphatic system

LYMPHADENECTOMY

excision of a lymph node or nodes

LYMPHADENITIS

inflammation of a lymph node

LYMPHANGIOTOMY

incision into a lymphatic vessel

MASTOID

prefix meaning posterior temporal bone

MYRING

prefix meaning eardrum

OCUL/O

prefix meaning eye

OCULAR ADNEXA

orbit, extraocular muscles, and eyelid

OTO

prefix meaning ear

PARATHYROID

produces a hormone to mobilize calcium from the bones to the blood

PERIPHERAL NERVES

12 pairs of crainal nerves, 31 pairs of spinal nerves and automic nervous system; connects peripheral receptors to the brain and spinal cord.

POSTERIOR SEGMENT

those parts of the eye behind the lens

RETROPERITONEAL

behind the sac holding the abdominal organs and vicera

RHINOPLASTY

surgical repair of the nose

SALPHNG/O

prefix meaning tube

SCLERA

outer covering of the eye

SHUNT

divert of make an artificial passage

SINUSES

cavities within the facial bones (maxillary, frontal, sphenoid and ethmoid)

SKULL

entire skeletal framework of the head

SOMATIC NERVE

sensory or motor nerve that supplies a dermatome

SPLENECTOMY

excision of the spleen

SPLENOPORTOGRAPHY

radiographic procedure to allow visuailzation of the splenic and portal veins of the spleen

STEM CELL

immature blood cell

STEROTAXIS

method of identifying a specific area of point in the brain

STRABISMUS

EXTRAOCULAR MUSCLES DEVIATION RESULTING IN UNEQUAL VISUAL AXES

SYMPATHETIC NERVE

part of the peripheral nervous system that controls automatic body function and sympathetic nerves activated under stress

TARSORRHAPHY

suturing together of the eyelids

THORACIC DUCT

collection and distribution point for lymph, and the largest lymph vessel located in the cheast

THYMECTOMY

surgical removal of the thymus

THYMUS

gland that produces hormones important to the immune response

THYROGLOSSAL DUCT

connection between the thyroid and the pharnyx

THYROID

part of the endocrine system that produces hormones that regulate metabolism

THYROIDECTOMY

surgical removal of the thyroid

TRANSMASTOID ANTROSTOMY

called simple mastoidectomy, it creats an opeing in the mastiod for drainage

TRANSPLANTATION

grafting of tissue from one source to another

UVEAL

VASCUALR TISSUE OF THE CHOROID, CILIARY BODY AND IRIS

vitreo

prefix meaning pertaining to the vitreous body of the eye

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