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Garcia study

Paradox

A statement that at first seems to be absurd or self-contradictory but which may in fact turn out to be true.

badger

To pester, nag, annoy persistently

voracious

Desiring or consuming great quantities

stoic

A person who can endure pain or hardship without showing their feelings or complaining.

vigilant

always being careful to notice things, especially possible danger

incipient

just beginning;beginning to come being or to become apparent

loath

to be unwilling to do something

confession

when you admit that you have done something wrong or illegal.
I've got a bit of a confession to make - I've lost that book you lent me.
I can't ask for help. It feels like a confession of failure.
Confession is the first stage of coming to terms with what you've done.
He made a full confession to the police.
eg: We'll also be giving a writing prompt on our blog, Confessions of an English Learner. Hope you enjoy reading and listening to this story!

attorney

Brings legal action on behalf of the state; heads the state's legal office

ominous

giving the impression that something bad or unpleasant is going to happen; threatening; inauspicious.
"there were ominous dark clouds gathering overhead"

credit

1.used to show that you think a person deserves a lot of praise for something that they have done.
2. [C or U] money in your bank account.
I was relieved to see from my statement that my account was in credit.
eg: One time, Swanson's bicycle was not returned on time. He was happy with Spinlister's response.
"They were so good about it, they gave me a credit, and they were very helpful, like immediate responses. Part of that might be the size; they're still pretty small, I believe, and you get a lot more personal attention with that."

brutal

cruel, violent and completely without feelings

repudiate

to refuse to accept something or someone as true, good or reasonable

elite

the richest, most powerful, best educated or best trained group in a society. eg :in addition to the evolving Chinese economy, social factors are driving people to buy more of these products than ever before. Fabinyi claims the luxurious banquet culture among the country's elite is a large reason why the high-end market for seafood like live reef fish, sea cucumbers and shark fins is thriving.

welfare

help given, especially by the state or an organization, to people who need it, especially because they do not have enough money

motto

a short sentence or phrase that expresses a belief or purpose

millennium

a period of 1000 years, or the time when a period of 1000 years ends

encyclopedia

a book or set of books containing many articles arranged in alphabetical order which deal either with the whole of human knowledge or with a particular part of it

atrocity

when someone does something extremely violent and shocking;atrocious

probe

to try to discover information that other people do not want you to know, by asking questions carefully and not directly

tribunal

a special court or group of people who are officially chosen, especially by the government, to examine (legal) problems of a particular type;

panel

a small group of people chosen to give advice, make a decision, or publicly discuss their opinions as entertainment

defector

a person who leaves his or her own country or group to join an opposing one.
eg:She was one of many Communist Party defectors.
eg:Some North Koreans who fled to the South say they are sad about that. Park Gun-ha is a North Korean defector. Like most other men in the North, he served in his country's military. He says the soldiers in the graveyard should be returned home.

testimony

(an example of) spoken or written statements that something is true, especially those given in a court of law;to be clear proof of something

starvation

the state of having no food for a long period, often causing death

minority

any small group in society that is different from the rest because of their race, religion or political beliefs, or a person who belongs to such a group

genocide

the murder of a whole group of people, especially a whole nation, race or religious group

slander

a false spoken statement about someone which damages their reputation, or the making of such a statement

historic figure

historic figure

condo

a condominium

...

having the necessary qualities or satisfying the necessary conditions.
Are you eligible for early retirement/maternity leave?
You might be eligible for a grant.
Only people over 18 are eligible to vote.
eg:
This year, like last year, the U.S. government is refusing to consider people from 19 countries for a visa. That is because more than 50,000 people from each of those nations have come to the United States legally in the past five years. Included on the list are Brazil, China, India, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Vietnam.

Sean Cooper says the same countries have been on the "not eligible" list for years.

"Well, it changes from time to time. But actually, many of these countries that are included on the list that are not eligible for the diversity visa program this year -- and weren't last year as well -- are from traditionally large sources of immigration to the United States. So for some of them, it's not likely that they're going to fluctuate again and become less than 50,000 over the last five years. For others, it might be. And each year what the law requires is that we review 'Alright how many people emigrated?' and if they fall into that they would then join the 'eligible' list."

clash

to fight or argue

vow

to make a determined decision or promise to do something

rally

a public meeting of a large group of people, especially supporters of a particular opinion

subject

1.bring (a person or country) under one's control or jurisdiction, typically by using force;cause or force to undergo (a particular experience of form of treatment).
2.a person who lives in or who has the right to live in a particular country, especially a country with a king or queen.
He is a British subject.
eg:He also arrested two British subjects. The two men were tried by a military court. They were found guilty of spying and giving guns to the Indians. Both were executed.

President Monroe called a cabinet meeting as soon as he learned of Jackson's actions. All the ministers, except Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, believed that Jackson had gone too far. But they decided not to denounce him in public.

Secretary Adams prepared messages to Britain and Spain about the incidents. His message to Britain carefully stated the activities of the two British subjects in Florida and explained why they were executed. Britain agreed not to take any action.

rumoured

describes a fact that people are talking about, which might be true or invented

rampant

(of something bad) getting worse quickly and in an uncontrolled way

raid

a short sudden attack, usually by a small group of people.
eg:The raid on Harpers Ferry increased the bitterness of the national dispute over slavery. Members of the Democratic Party called the raid a plot by the Republican Party. Republican leaders denied the charge. They said the raid was the work of one man -- one madman. Still, they said, John Brown had acted for good reason: to end slavery in America.

evict

to force someone to leave somewhere

jeopardy

in danger of being damaged or destroyed; eg: The lives of thousands of birds are in _ as a result of the oil spillage. eg: A U.S. businessman who was held captive by his Chinese employees for nearly a week has been allowed to leave a suburban Beijing factory after the two sides settled a wage dispute.
Chip Starnes, the co-owner of Specialty Medical Supplies, said his company has agreed to give severance packages to about 100 workers who had trapped him in the factory since Friday.
The workers demanded the severance packages after a series of recent lay-offs at the factory led them to believe their own jobs were also in jeopardy, despite Starnes' insistence this was not the case.

impeach

to make a formal statement saying that a public official is guilty of a serious offence in connection with their job, especially in the US

subsidy

money given as part of the cost of something, to help or encourage it to happen

prone

likely to suffer from an illness or show a particular negative characteristic

euphemism

a word or phrase used to avoid saying an unpleasant or offensive word

mundane

very ordinary and therefore not interesting

condolence

sympathy and sadness for the family or close friends of a person who has recently died, or an expression of this, especially in written form

incongruous

unusual or different from what is around or from what is generally happening

glamorous

attractive in an exciting and special way

sanction

an official order, such as the stopping of trade, which is taken against a country in order to make it obey international law

encampment

a group of tents or temporary shelters put in one place

swarm

When insects swarm, they come together in a large group.

convulse

(cause to) shake violently with sudden uncontrolled movements

munitions

military weapons such as guns and bombs

stockpile

a large amount of food, goods or weapons which are kept ready for future use,eg: They have a _ of weapons and ammunition that will last several months.

penalty

a punishment, or the usual punishment, for doing something that is against a law

condemn

to criticize something or someone strongly, usually for moral reasons

reiterate

to say something again, once or several times

irate

very angry

mired

to be involved in a difficult situation, especially for a long period of time;
eg: The subsidy program has been _ in allegations of corruption and faced growing losses, becoming a target of a Bangkok-based protest movement bent on ousting Yingluck and the caretaker government she has led since December.

bent on

determined to do or have something
eg: The subsidy program has been mired in allegations of corruption and faced growing losses, becoming a target of a Bangkok-based protest movement __ ousting Yingluck and the caretaker government she has led since December.

on the back of

While many rice farmers are expected to remain loyal to Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, who swept to power in 2011 __ rural votes generated in part by the subsidies, a slump in prices that could be blamed on her leadership would erode her support base and be another blow for her embattled government.

campaign

a planned group of especially political, business or military activities which are intended to achieve a particular aim

toll

The amount of loss or destruction caused by a disaster
eg: Local officials said 39 people were killed, bringing the three-day __ to at least 69 fatalities.

wane

to become weaker in strength or influence
eg: Protests against Thailand's caretaker government show no sign of waning now that judges have ruled authorities cannot use force to disperse them.
Occupy Central leaders admitted Tuesday that support from Hong Kong's people is waning. But Wednesday, pro-democracy supporters continued to rally for support.

convoy

a group of vehicles or ships which travel together, especially for protection.

bungle

to do something wrong, in a careless or stupid way

nemesis

Someone's nemesis is a person or thing that is very difficult for them to defeat.

turmoil

a state of confusion, uncertainty or disorder

sceptical

doubting that something is true or useful
eg: Although a civil court has now ruled authorities cannot use force to disperse demonstrators, many protestors are sceptical they will be unmolested.

spike

impale on or pierce with a sharp point.
eg: On Friday morning, PM 2.5 readings in most of Beijing's observatory stations spiked more than 300 micrograms per cubic metre, far above the 25 micrograms considered safe by the World Health Organisation.

municipality

a city or town with its own local government, or the local government itself
eg: Beijing has been under heavy smog since noon on Thursday. The municipality's office for severe air pollution emergency issued a yellow alert that day,

broker

to arrange something such as a deal, agreement, etc. between two or more groups or countries
eg: Talks between government and opposition representatives were brokered by the foreign ministers of Germany, France, and Poland.

outrage

(especially of an unfair action or statement) to cause someone to feel very angry, shocked or upset
eg: The White House said Thursday it was "outraged by the images of Ukrainian security forces firing automatic weapons on their own people."

fatality

a death caused by an accident or by violence, or someone who has died in either of these ways

sniper

someone who shoots at people from a place where they cannot be seen

chaos

a state of total confusion with no order. eg:The head of Russia's lower house of parliament, the Duma, Alexei Pushkov, says Russia has never and will never interfere directly in Ukrainian affairs.
Pushkov told a news conference in Moscow that the European Union, the United States and former Ukrainian opposition parties should be held responsible for the current chaos.
Fighting between Ukrainian security forces and pro-Russia militants in eastern Ukraine has left at least five militants dead, with Russian President Vladimir Putin calling it a "crime" and threatening "consequences."
Ukraine's Interior Ministry said Thursday that its forces, together with army units, had killed five pro-Russia militants and destroyed three of their checkpoints in the eastern city of Slovyansk.

erupt

1. When a volcano erupts, it explodes and flames and rocks come out of it;
2.Anti-government protests erupted in November, after Yanukovych backed away from a trade deal with the European Union in favor of closer ties with Russia.

charge

to move forward quickly and violently, especially towards something that has caused difficulty or anger;
eg: When the bell sounded, K.O. Mullins responded with alacrity. He sprang from his stool and charged across the ring, showing disdain for the champion's strength. Although this belligerent attitude impressed the referee, it failed to intimidate the champ. That intrepid battler laid the hapless Mullins low with an adroit feint and an uppercut.

agitator

someone who tries to make people join in protests and political activity

deliberately

intentionally,
I'm sure he says these things deliberately to annoy me.
The official says the plane was likely deliberately targeted by someone who may have mistaken it for a military transport plane.

essay

a short piece of writing on a particular subject, especially one done by students as part of the work for a course

affection

a feeling of liking for a person or place
eg: According to psychologists,some antagonism between siblings is natural as each child seekd parental affection and approval

prescribe

(of a doctor) to say what medical treatment someone should have
eg: If you are bitten by a snake,you should try to note its appearance so that the correct antidote can be prescribed based on what species of snake bit you.

neglect

to give not enough care or attention to people or things that are your responsibility

surgeon

a doctor who is specially trained to perform medical operations

exploit

a striking or notable deed; feat; spirited or heroic act: the exploits of Alexander the Great.

priest

a person, usually a man, who has been trained to perform religious duties in the Christian Church, especially the Roman Catholic Church, or a person with particular duties in some other religions

good faith

in good faith, If something is done in good faith, it is done sincerely and honestly

chagrin

disappointment or anger, especially when caused by a failure or mistake

scam

an illegal plan for making money

perpetrate

to commit a crime, or a violent or harmful act:In Britain, half of all violent crime is perpetrated by people who have been drinking alcohol.

forge

If one person or institution forges an agreement or relationship with another, they create it with a lot of hard work, hoping that it will be strong or lasting.
The Prime Minister is determined to forge a good relationship with America's new leader...
The programme aims to forge links between higher education and small businesses...
The Community was trying to forge a common foreign and security policy.

preserve

to keep something as it is, especially in order to prevent it from decaying or being damaged or destroyed; to conserve;
eg:to preserve the environment;
eg: Font and formatting (like bold and the red color) preserved. When you paste in

jeopardize

to put something such as a plan or system in danger of being harmed or damaged.eg:She knew that by failing her exams she could jeopardize her whole future.

eminence

the state of being famous, respected or important. eg:his eminence as a film director

walk sb through sth

to slowly and carefully explain something to someone or show someone how to do something: She walked me through the six-page document. He'll walk you through the procedure.

align

to put two or more things a straight line:
When you've aligned the notch on the gun with the target, fire!

soothe

to make someone feel calm or less worried. eg: to soothe a crying baby

intense

extreme and forceful or (of a feeling) very strong. eg: intense cold/heat/hatred; an intense flavour/colour

provision

supplies of food and other necessary things;eg: provisions for the journey
make provision for sth : to make arrangements to deal with something, often financial arrangements eg: He hasn't made any provision for his retirement yet.

financial instrument

a financial asset that can be bought or sold, such as a bond, share, or other security (= an investment that can be traded) eg: Hedge accounting attempts to reduce the volatility created by the repeated adjustment of a financial instrument's value, known as marking to market. This reduced volatility is done by combining the instrument and the hedge as one entry, which offsets the opposing movements.

instrument

an object, such as a piano, guitar or drum, which is played to produce musical sounds.eg:Which instrument do you play?

volatile

likely to change suddenly and unexpectedly or suddenly become violent or angry.eg: Food and fuel prices are very volatile in a war situation; He had a rather volatile temper and can't have been easy to live with.

exclusively

only; eg: This offer is available exclusively to our established customers.

be predicated on sth

If an idea or argument is predicated on something, it depends on the existence or truth of this thing.eg: The sales forecast is predicated on the assumption that the economy will grow by four per cent.

reciprocal

A reciprocal action or arrangement involves two people or groups of people who behave in the same way or agree to help each other and give each other advantages. eg: The point of hedging a position is to reduce the volatility of the overall portfolio. Hedge accounting has the same effect except that it's used on financial statements. For example, when accounting for complex financial instruments, such as derivatives, the value is adjusted by marking to market; this creates large swings in the profit and loss account. Hedge accounting treats the reciprocal hedge and the derivative as one entry so that the large swings are balanced out.

swing

to move easily and without interruption backwards and forwards or from one side to the other, especially from a fixed point, or to cause something or someone to do this. eg: His mood swings between elation and despair.

fatality

a death caused by an accident or by violence, or someone who has died in either of these ways; eg: Britain has thousands of road fatalities (= deaths on roads) every year.

hype

when something is advertised and discussed in newspapers, on television, etc. all the time in order to attract everyone's interest
; eg:Thursday marks the first time that Xiaomi had revealed the number of phones it sold, in response to criticism that its popularity here might be more gimmick than real as it did not reveal Singapore sales numbers previously.
Some netizens had said that the Chinese firm might have been hyping up its sales here by releasing very small batches of phones, which can then sell out quickly.
eg: Council on Foreign Relations analyst Economy says U.S. media often portray China with a lot of hype, emphasizing its status as the largest foreign holder of U.S. debt.
"The media also have a tendency to frame U.S.-China economic issues as competitive," she says. "So (they ask,) 'who is winning the clean energy race?', or 'whose infrastructure is better?'"

gimmick

something which is not serious or of real value that is used to attract people's attention or interest temporarily, especially to make them buy something;

forge

to form or make, especially by concentrated effort: to forge a friendship through mutual trust. eg:The chief of the French air force was honoured by Singapore on Thursday for his role in helping to forge relations between the air forces of both countries.

proficient

skilled and experienced; eg: She's proficient in two languages.

desperately

extremely or very much. eg:She always seems to be desperately busy!

commission

to formally choose someone to do a special piece of work. eg:According to a review commissioned by the Center for Auto Safety, a consumer group, there were 303 crash fatalities in which air bags did not inflate tied to two recalled car models.

speculation

when you guess possible answers to a question without having enough information to be certain
Rumours that they are about to marry have been dismissed as pure speculation.
Speculation about his future plans is rife.
[+ that] The Prime Minister's speech fuelled/prompted speculation that an election will be held later in the year.
eg:
So the numbers, while worrying (air bags should ideally work all of the time), may not be directly tied to the ignition switch issue that this recall specifically addresses—only to the models that were recalled. A spokesperson for GM said that "without rigorous analysis, it is pure speculation to attempt to draw any meaningful conclusions."
eg:"We ask that the privacy of Michael's family continue to be respected, and that speculations about his state of health are avoided."

A spokesman for the university hospital in Lausanne, confirmed that the 45-year-old German, a seven-times world champion, had been discharged earlier in the day.

No details were given on Schumacher's condition.

fortnight

a period of two weeks

harmonize

to add harmonies to a tune

demystify

to make something easier to understand. eg: What I need is a book that will demystify the workings of a car engine for me. eg: Demystifying SAP's Ramp-Up process

slash

to very much reduce something, such as money or jobs. eg:Over the past 20 years, China has slashed its tuberculosis rate by more than 50 percent by broadly applying the World Health Organization's strategy for TB elimination. Experts say the outcome is proof tuberculosis can be vanquished through an aggressive treatment program.

vanquish

to defeat an opponent, especially in war. eg:Napoleon was vanquished at the battle of Waterloo in 1815.

regimen

any set of rules about food and exercise that someone follows, especially in order to improve their health. eg:fter his heart attack the doctor put him on a strict regimen. eg:Treatment for tuberculosis requires patients to take a number of drugs daily for six to nine months. Adherence to the regimen is difficult, and often uneven.But with DOTS, health care workers visit patients in their homes every day, making sure they swallow each dose of the prescribed pills.

prevalent

prevalence,existing very commonly or happening often; eg:These diseases are more prevalent among young children. eg:the prevalence of smoking amongst teenagers

overwhelming

difficult to fight against;very great or very large; eg: She felt an overwhelming urge/desire/need to tell someone about what had happened. eg: Authorities in southern China said a station where parents are able to anonymously leave their unwanted children has been forced to close because of an overwhelming number of abandoned babies.
eg:Despite overwhelming evidence, Russia denies it has such forces in Ukraine.

annex

to take possession of an area of land or a country, usually by force or without permission; eg: Analyst Laurenti says there have been several annexations since the U.N. was established in 1945 that have lingered unrecognized by the international community, and Crimea is likely to be added to the list.
a building joined to or associated with a main building, providing additional space or accommodations.
[As Islamist militia groups in Libya say] An Islamist militia group in Libya says it's taken control of the residential annex of the vacated U.S. embassy in Tripoli, that is, a month after American diplomats fled to escape the violent clashes between rival militias in the Libyan capital.
News agencies reported on Sunday that the Dawn of Libya, an umbrella group for Islamist militias, said it had been in control of the U.S. compound for about a week, seizing it from a rival militia after weeks of fighting for control of Tripoli and its international airport.

refrain

to avoid doing or stop yourself from doing something. eg:The U.N. chief has refrained from pronouncing the referendum illegitimate. Ukraine's interim authorities and their international supporters say it violated the country's constitution. But Ban has called on all parties in the country and those with influence to avoid actions that could escalate tensions.

exacerbate

to make something which is already bad worse. eg:His spokesman, Stephane Dujarric, told reporters the secretary-general is concerned that Sunday's referendum declaring Crimea independent from Ukraine will only exacerbate the situation.

controversial

causing disagreement or discussion. eg: controversial referendum.

backed

used to form adjectives that describe who is providing support, especially financial support. government-backed contracts. eg: It comes after a referendum on Sunday in which Crimean officials say 97% of voters backed splitting from Ukraine.

accession

the time when a country officially joins a group of countries or signs an agreement. eg: Poland's accession to the EU. eg: Mr Putin, who signed an order on Monday recognising Crimean independence, also approved a draft bill on the accession.

ratify

(especially of governments or organizations) to make an agreement official. eg: Once signed, the bill must be approved by the constitutional court and then ratified by parliament. The process is expected to be completed this week.eg:China said on Saturday it backed IMF financial support for Ukraine, but expressed concern about the global lender's funding capacity given the failure of the U.S. Congress to ratify a program of reforms for the institution.

spiral

when a price, etc. is becoming lower, or when a situation is getting worse and is difficult to control because one bad event causes another. eg: But she said there was still time to avoid "a negative spiral" in the situation, urging Russia to withdraw its forces from Crimea.

recap

to repeat the main points of an explanation or description. eg:Finally, the teacher recapped the main points of the lesson.

diligent

done in a careful and detailed way. eg:The discovery was made after years of diligent research.

predominantly

mostly or mainly. eg:She is predominantly a dancer, but she also sings. eg:Experience working predominantly as a Trainer within a Global SAP Environment

peruse

to read through something, especially in order to find the part you are interested in. eg: He opened a newspaper and began to peruse the personal ads.

tentative

(of a plan or idea) not certain or agreed, or (of a suggestion or action) said or done in a careful but uncertain way because you do not know if you are right. eg:I have made tentative plans to take a trip to Seattle in July.

pretty

quite, but not extremely. eg: I've got a pretty good idea of how to get there. The house has four bedrooms, so it's pretty big.

tenure

being the legal owner of land, a job or an official public position, or the period of time during which you own it. eg:Xu's critics claim that during his tenure, the buying and selling of military ranks was widespread in the defense establishment.eg: During his tenure as dean, he had a real influence on the students.

dean

a high-ranking official in a college or university who is responsible for the organization of a department or departments. eg:She is the new dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences.

hysterical

unable to control your feelings or behaviour because you are extremely frightened, angry, excited. eg: Most of the passengers were Chinese. Their families are extremely frustrated with the investigation, accusing Malaysian authorities of lying. Police forcibly carried out hysterical and sobbing relatives from a government briefing on Wednesday.

catastrophic

a sudden event that causes very great trouble or destruction. eg:Investigators are not ruling out anything, including catastrophic mechanical failure or terrorism.

trajectory

the curved path that an object follows after it has been thrown or shot the air. eg:the trajectory of a bullet/missile

landfall

(an arrival on) the first land that is reached or seen at the end of a journey across the sea or through the air. eg:The last known position of a ping was way over the southern Indian Ocean, with no landfall and no long runways, obviously, around it

eureka moment

a moment at which a person realizes or solves something. eg:The scientists may have recorded the first snapshots of a Eureka moment.

resigned

accepting that something you do not like will happen because you cannot change it. eg:After learning of Inmarsat's conclusions, Malaysia's prime minister informed relatives of passengers of the data telling of the plane's fate. The announcement seems to indicate that the government is resigned that all aboard have perished.

grieve

to feel or express great sadness, especially when someone dies. eg:A relative of one of the Chinese passengers aboard flight MH370 grieves after being told of the latest news in Beijing, March 24, 2014.

miracle

an unusual and mysterious event that is thought to have been caused by a god, or any very surprising and unexpected event. eg:Most passengers on board were Chinese. For nearly three weeks, the Chinese families of passengers have been hoping for a miracle. eg: can't promise a miracle cure, but I think we can improve things.eg: In Niger, during a trial in 2013, the anti-malaria compounds were made available in remote locations at health facilities, in the homes of village chiefs and in areas where public health workers go door-to-door.

The organization deployed some 2,000 community health care workers to educate families about the benefits of chemoprevention and to encourage them to take their children to a distribution site.

Lasry says MSF chemoprevention campaigns do not use artemisinin-based drugs that are currently the "gold standard" to treat malaria infection.

"We try to use different drugs so that even if we can potentially cause resistance, we are not causing resistance to the most effective drugs we have for treatment," she said.

If they find malaria in any of the children, Lasry says they treat it. But she says there's a shortage of rapid diagnostic tests in Niger, for example, hampering efforts to treat malaria in endemic regions.

While not a "miracle cure," officials say prevention drugs complement other malaria control strategies, including insecticide-treated bed nets.

roller coaster

a situation which changes from one extreme to another, or in which a person's feelings change from one extreme to another.
eg:He was on an emotional roller coaster for a while when he lost his job. eg:After 17 days of riding an emotional roller coaster the grief for many was too much to bear.

paramedic

a person who is trained to do medical work, especially in an emergency, but who is not a doctor or nurse. eg:Paramedics were on hand at Beijing's Lido Hotel, where many Chinese families have been gathered since plane went missing. After hearing the news, several were taken away on stretchers.