5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- soap opera
- a to (cause to) lose balance and fall down
The statue of the dictator was toppled (over) by the crowds.
The tree toppled and fell.
eg: Increasing violence has wracked Libya in the 3 years since long-time dictator Moammar Gadhafi was toppled.
- b also forego.to not have or do something enjoyable.
eg: DWIGHT EISENHOWER: "Now, where will a new administration begin. It will begin with its president taking a firm, simple resolution. That resolution will be to forego the diversions of politics and to concentrate on the job of ending the Korean War, until that job is honorably done. That job requires a personal trip to Korea. Only in that way could I learn how best to serve the American people in the cause of peace. I shall go to Korea."
- c a series of television or radio programmes about the lives and problems of a particular group of characters. The series continues over a long period and is broadcast (several times) every week.
eg:"The Young and the Restless," "Days of Our Lives" and "Guiding Light." These are the names of three popular programs in the United States called "soap operas." A soap opera is a television or radio program that tells stories about the lives and problems of a group of people. They are popular in many countries, including Thailand.
Prayuth Chan-ocha is the head of government for Thailand. Recently, he said television soap operas in his country cause fighting, and divide Thai society. He wants scripts for the programs to tell about peaceful ends to conflict.
- d to feel a strong dislike for someone or something because you think they are bad or have no value.
The two groups despise each other.
She despised him for the way he treated her sister.
He despised himself for being such a coward.
eg:"He despised most of the politicians he met in Congress because he found them to be ignorant and self-serving, with no sense of patriotism and sense of obligation to the nation."
- e when you refuse to obey someone or something.
The demonstration is a pointless act/gesture of defiance against the government.
In defiance of the ceasefire, rebel troops are again firing on the capital.
eg:If President Obama acts in defiance of the people and imposes his will on the country, Congress will act. We're considering a variety of options. But make no mistake. Make no mistake. When the newly elected representatives of the people take their seats, they will act.
5 Multiple choice questions
- very exciting and interesting and making you want to watch or listen.
I found the whole film very compelling.
a compelling story.
eg: The work of some of the most-famous photographers in U.S. history is included in the iBook. But Ms. Hess says most of the pictures are from people like you and me.
"The bulk of the book are these unknown photographers, and their photographic contributions are just as important and just as interesting and compelling as, you know, these, these household names, so I think it's really nice that we're giving them their due."
- the empty shell of a small sea creature, often one found lying on the beach.
eg: Here in this little house, my spirit seemed to come to life again.
I saw a bright rug on the shining wooden floor. Pictures hung all around the room. And on little tables there were seashells, books and china vases full of flowers. A woman had made this house into a home.
- to prevent something from happening.This recent wave of terrorism has ruled out any chance of peace talks. eg:The Obama administration has ruled out lethal military assistance to Kyiv, and said it stands ready to expand existing sanctions against Russia and order new ones.
While Obama again ruled out U.S. military action, he said Washington will stand firm with its European allies to address the crisis and warned Moscow will likely face additional economic sanctions from the West.
- very modern and using the most recent ideas and methods.
a state-of-the-art computer.
eg:But China may not become a military rival for the US for decades to come, says Etzioni. "Many of China's latest military acquisitions are either upgraded knock-offs of old Soviet equipment or purchased from the former USSR—hardly state-of-the-art technologies. Others are unlikely to achieve full operational capability for years to come, including the headline-grabbing Chinese stealth fighter, the J-20. And perhaps the greatest perceived Chinese military threat, anti-aircraft—a.k.a. "carrier-killer"—ballistic missiles, have yet to be publicly tested over water against a maneuvering target."
eg:First of all, I'll say that American education is expensive for Americans. I spent the good part of my twenties working to pay off college loan debt. So, American education is very expensive, but you're getting a high-quality education from some of the best professors in the world with some of the best resources and facilities in the world. American universities have state-of-the-art laboratories, computers, research systems, classrooms and all that is expensive. And also at many U.S. universities, you're learning from leading researchers and people who are at the top of the line in their field so it's also expensive for universities to have those people as professors. So, you're paying for a quality product—that's why it's very expensive.
- n. an organism (as a vulture or hyena) that usually feeds on dead or decaying matter.
eg:Holding a human rib bone in her gloved hand, Baylor University Anthropology Professor Lori Baker notes signs of postmortem damage -- damage done after death.
"This would be indicative of vulture damage."
The bone is part of a skeleton, a set of bones. It was found in the lower Rio Grande River valley of Texas, close to the Mexican border. People dying in the desert, their remains being eaten by scavenger birds such as vultures, are realities of Ms. Baker's work.
5 True/False questions
karate → If you say that someone or something fares well or badly, you are referring to the degree of success they achieve in a particular situation or activity. ⇒ [v adv] It is unlikely that the marine industry will fare any better in September. eg: How is Ukraine's economy faring during this turmoil?
Ukraine is currently in recession, and it suffers from a wide current-account deficit, which means it buys more goods from abroad than it sells. The Ukrainian government said one reason it turned down the EU deal was that it needed to fix relations with its former Soviet master to avoid significant economic hardship. The political turmoil has put markets in Ukraine under pressure.
vicious → deserving great admiration, praise and honour
a glorious victory.
a memorial to the glorious dead of two world wars.
We've had gloriously sunny weather.
They looked gloriously happy.
Douglas expected Lincoln to win the election. But he knew a Lincoln victory would create problems. If Lincoln became president, some people who strongly supported slavery threatened to take the Southern states out of the union.
So Douglas turned his efforts to a campaign for the union itself. He said, "The election of a man to the presidency by the American people, under the Constitution, is no reason for any attempt to dissolve this glorious nation."
roller coaster → to refuse to accept something or someone as true, good or reasonable
stymie → to prevent something from happening or someone from achieving a purpose.n our search for evidence, we were stymied by the absence of any recent documents. eg: According to the transcript, Jindo Vessel Traffic Services instructed the crew to get passengers off the boat as other boats rushed to save them after the ferry carrying 476 people began to capsize.
But crew members told traffic controllers that their attempts to order an evacuation were stymied by a faulty announcement system.
rider → a statement that is added to what has already been said or decided, or an addition to a government bill (= a written plan for a law).
I should like to add a rider to the judgment of the court.
eg: For example, the United States Constitution gives the president power to veto bills passed by Congress. In the 1800s, Congress tried to prevent presidential vetoes. It used a method of attaching "riders" to legislative proposals. This is how the method works:
Congress considers a bill the president believes is necessary. Then it joins that bill to a measure the president would veto if passed separately. The extra measure is called a "rider" to the first bill. To get the bill he wants, the president must accept the "rider," too.
President Hayes refused to sign any bills with riders. So the Congress during his administration stopped using the method. Congresses since then have used it successfully.