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Capillary

a tiny blood vessel where substances are exchanged between the blood and the body cells(food and oxygen.

Vein

Thin walled vessel with one-way valves. Carries deoxygenated blood

Artery

Thick walled elastic blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood

Vena cava

the largest vein in the body that collects blood about to go into the heart.

Right atrium

upper heart chamber that gets deoxygenated blood returning from the heart

right ventricle

lower heart chamber pumps deoxygenated blood from heart into lungs

Pulmonary artery

Carries the deoxygenated blood from right ventricle to lungs

Pulmonary vein

carries oxygenated blood back from lungs to heart

left atrium

upper heart chamber that gets oxygenated blood from the lungs

left ventricle

hearts most powerful chamber. Pumps oxygenated blood out into the body

aorta

largest artery. Carries all blood leaving the heart

Urea

Waste product found in sweat and urine

Kidney

filters waste products from the blood and makes urine

bladder

storage tank for urine

ovary

produces egg cells

fallopian tubes

carry egg cells to womb

uterus

womb. where eggs are fertilized and developed

testes

produce sperm cells

urethra

tube that carries urine out of the body

neuron

nerve cell

axon

carry nerve impulses away from nerve cells

dendrite

carry nerve impulses into nerve cells

medulla

controls involuntary actions like heartbeat and breathing.

cerebellum

controls balance and muscle coordination

cerebrum

controls voluntary actions like senses

cerebral cortex

upper layer of brain. controls thinking and higher thought process

diaphragm

muscle at bottum of rib cage forces air into and out of the lungs

larynx

human voice box. entrance to lungs

bronchi

branching tubes in lungs

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