Chapter 3 Health Terms

69 terms by Rachellesmith7

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Anatomic Position

Standing erect, arms at the side, palms of the hands facing forward, and feet placed side by side.

anter/o

front

caud/o

tail (downward)

cephal/o

head (upward)

dist/o

away

infer/o

below

later/o

side

medi/o

middle

poster/o

back, behind

proxim/o

near (the point of attachment of a body part)

super/o

above

ventr/o

belly (front)

ior

pertaining to

caudad

toward the tail (downward)

cephalad

toward the head (upward)

lateral

pertaining to a side

medial (med)

pertaining to the middle

unilateral

pertaining to one side (only)

bilateral

pertaining to two sides

mediolateral

pertaining to the middle and to the side

distal

pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)

proximal

pertaining to near (to the point of attachment of a body part)

inferior (inf)

pertaining to below

superior (sup)

pertaining to above

caudal

pertaining to the tail (similar to inferior)

cephalic

pertaining to the head

anterior (ant)

pertaining to the front

posterior

pertaining to the back

dorsal

pertaining to the back

ventral

pertaining to the belly (front)

anteroposterior (AP)

pertaining to the front and to the back

posteroanterior (PA)

pertaining to the back and to the front

Frontal/coronal plane

vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions

midsagittal plane

vertical field running through the body from front to back at the midline, dividing the body equally into right and left halves.

parasagittal

vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into unequal left and right sides.

sagittal

vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides (any plane parallel to the midsagittal plane)

transverse

horizontal field dividing the body into superior and inferior portions.

Fowler position

semi-sitting position with slight elevation of the knees.

lithotomy position

lying on back with legs raised and feet in stirrups

orthopnea position

sitting erect in a chair or sitting upright in bed supported by pillows behind the head and chest

prone position

lying on abdomen, facing downward

recumbent position

lying down in any position

sims position

lying on left side with right knee drawn up and with left arm drawn behind, parallel to the back.

supine position

lying on back, facing upward

trendelenburg position

lying on back with body tilted so that the head is lower than the feet

umbilical region

around the navel (umbilicus)

lumbar regions

to the right and left of the umbilical region, near the waist

epigastric region

superior to the umbilical region, generally above the stomach

hypochondriac regions

to the right and left of the epigastric region

hypogastric region

inferior to the umbilical region

iliac regions

to the right and left of the hypogastric region, near the groin (aka inguinal regions)

right upper quadrant

area encompassing the right lobe of the liver, the gall bladder, part of the pancreas, and portions of the small and large intestines

left upper quadrant

area encompassing the left lobe of the liver, the stomach, the spleen, part of the pancreas, and portions of the small and large intestines

right lower quadrant

area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the appendix, the right ureter, and the right ovary and uterine tube in women or the right spermatic duct in men.

left lower quadrant

area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the left ureter, and the left ovary and uterine tube in women or the left spermatic duct in men.

ant

anterior

AP

anteroposterior

inf

inferior

lat

lateral

LLQ

left lower quadrant

LUQ

left upper quadrant

med

medial

PA

posteroanterior

RLQ

right lower quadrant

RUQ

Right upper quadrant

sup

superior

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