Theories about the causes of mental illness
Supernatural, biological/natural, psychological
Treatment for Mental Illness in the Stoneage
drilling holes in peoples heads
Ancient China & Mental Illness
biological/natural theories. Believed that emotions were a result of vital air flowing over certain organs.
Ancient Greece, Egypt, Rome, and mental illness
subscribed to the theory of the wandering uterus. Plato believed they were caused by the rational mind being overcome by impulse, passion, or appetite. Hippocrates and the 4 humors.
blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile
mental illness was viewed from a natural/biological perspective.
Birth of mental hospitals
patients were not well treated, often chained, locked in boxes and put on display for a fee. This all changed with the Act for Regulating Madhouses in 1774
Act for Regulating Madhouses of 1774
designed to clean up conditions and prevent people from being unjustly committed. Required licensing and inspection as well as a physician signature for admission. Applied only to paying patients in private institutions.
Modern Mental Health
quality began to decline. Increased understanding of the biological components of mental illness.
conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts and feelings. dissaciative amnesia, fugue, and identity disorder.
characterized by emotional extremes. Major depressive disorder, and bipolar.
behavior patterns that impair social functioning, usually without anxiety, depression, or delusions. Anti-social personality disorder (has higher rates for men)
Interpretations can not be proven or disproven. Time consuming, and expensive.
emphasizes peoples potential for self-fulfillment. helps people grow in self-awareness and self-acceptance. Attempts to reduce conflict that stops natural developmental growth.
empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies.
3 steps of active listening
paraphrase, invite clarification, reflect feelings
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors.
study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.
family therapy, couples therapy, and self help groups
treats the family as a system. Views an individuals unwanted behaviors as influenced by other family members. Encourages family members towards positive relationships.
Can be positive or negative. Belief and feeling that predisposes one to respond in a particular way towards objects, people, and events.
tendency to give a casual explanation for someones behavior.
tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request. Start small and build.
Cognitive dissonance theory
we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two of our thoughts are inconsistent
improved performance of tasks in the presence of others. Occurs with simple tasks but not more difficult ones.
losing self and becoming more responsive to the group experience
the blocking of an attempt to achieve some goal. creates anger, which can generate aggression
any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy.
challenges peoples illogical, self-defeating attitudes and assumptions. Developed by Albert Ellis
taught us that given the choice between morality and obedience, obedience typically won
when a psychologist is telling you what a problem or situation might be.
Difference between anti-social behavior and being a criminal
an anti-social person might steel from family and friends while a criminal usually would not steal from family or friends, but from strangers
diagnose mental/psychological disorders. Emil Krapelin laid the framework for this.
developed early classification system for mental disorders that is the basis for todays system.
What are psychological disorders characterized by?
atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable